Fossil Friday Roundup: December 28, 2018

Featured Image: Experimental lithic-tool damage on goat bones under SEM. From Wiest et al. (2018). CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • The Las Vegas Formation (USGS)
  • Recurrent hardgrounds and their significance for intra-basinal correlations: a case study of upper Bathonian rocks from the western margin of the Indian craton (Journal of Paleogeography)
  • An endemic flora of dispersed spores from the Middle Devonian of Iberia (Papers in Paleontology)
  • Phylogeography of western Mediterranean Cymbalaria (Plantaginaceae) reveals two independent long-distance dispersals and entails new taxonomic circumscriptions (Scientific Reports)
  • From pristine aragonite to blocky calcite: Exceptional preservation and diagenesis of cephalopod nacre in porous Cretaceous limestones (PLOS ONE)
  • A new partial skeleton of a palaeospinacid shark (Neoselachii, Synechodontiformes) from the Albian of northern France, with a review of the taxonomic history of Early Cretaceous species of Synechodus Woodward, 1888 (Geodiversitas)
  • A new atoposaurid crocodylomorph from the Morrison Formation (Upper Jurassic) of Wyoming, USA (Geology of the Intermountain West)
  • The Cuban crocodile (Crocodylus rhombifer) from late Quaternary underwater cave deposits in the Dominican Republic. (American Museum novitates)
  • A new record of Dromomeron romeri Irmis et al., 2007 (Lagerpetidae) from the Chinle Formation of Arizona, U.S.A. (PaleoBios)
  • New ichnotaxa of vertebrate burrows form the Salt Wash Member, Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, southeastern Utah (USA) (ASGP)
  • Ichnotaxonomy as a science (ASGP)
  • Ichnofossil assemblages and palaeosols of the Upper Triassic Chinle Formation, southeastern Utah (USA): Implications for depositional controls and paleoclimate (ASGP)
  • Scrutinizing Barremian coprolite inclusions to record digestive strategies (ASGP)
  • Dinosaur Behaviour in an Early Jurassic palaeoecosystem – Uppermost Elliot Formation, Ha Nohana, Lesotho (ASGP)
  • Convoluted nasal passages function as efficient heat exchangers in ankylosaurs (Dinosauria: Ornithischia: Thyreophora) (PLOS ONE)
  • Descripción taxonómica de Camelops hesternus, de arroyo La Muela, Baja California Sur, México (Paleontología Mexicana)
  • Paradise lost: Evidence for a devastating metabolic bone disease in an insular Pleistocene deer (International Journal of Paleopathology)
  • Nuevo registro de los caballos del Pleistoceno Equus conversidens y E. mexicanus en San Luis Potosí, México (Paleontología Mexicana)
  • A new elephantoid dental specimen from the Miocene of Kruševac Basin in Central Serbia (Geološki anali Balkanskoga poluostrva)
  • Dietary versatility of Early Pleistocene hominins (PNAS)
  • Ochre and pigment use at Hohle Fels cave: Results of the first systematic review of ochre and ochre-related artefacts from the Upper Palaeolithic in Germany (PLOS ONE)
  • Morphological characteristics of preparator air-scribe marks: Implications for taphonomic research (PLOS ONE)
  • Concept drift over geological times: predictive modeling baselines for analyzing the mammalian fossil record (Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • The skeletal artistry of the paddlefish skull (SVPOW)
  • Your Friends The Titanosaurs, part 7.5: Baalsaurus mansillai (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • How Did Flight Change Brain Shape in Dinosaurs? (AMNH)

Methods and Musings:

  • New Osteological and Phylogenetic Review of the Triassic Loricatan Prestosuchus chiniquensis from Brazil (Chinleana)
  • Things to Make and Do, Part 25: cleaning bird vertebrae (SVPOW)
  • No, Cretaceous sharks did not leap from the water to eat flying pterosaurs (Mark Witton)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Book review – End of the Megafauna: The Fate of the World’s Hugest, Fiercest, and Strangest Animals (The Inquisitive Biologist)
  • The mystery of the microfossil Christmas cards | Curator of Micropaleontology (NHM)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: Friday December 21, 2018

Featured Image: Because it’s too cool not to share again this week. Cretoxyrhina attacking Pteranodon. Image credit: Mark Witton. From Hone et al. (2018). CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Closing the gap between palaeontological and neontological speciation and extinction rate estimates (Nature Communications)
  • Anomaly Detection in Paleoclimate Records Using Permutation Entropy (Entropy)
  • Closure of the Bering Strait caused Mid-Pleistocene Transition cooling (Nature Communications)
  • Setting the Stage: The Late Pleistocene Colonization of North America (Quaternary)
  • Oxygen, temperature and the deep-marine stenothermal cradle of Ediacaran evolution (ProcB)
  • An unexpected noncarpellate epigynous flower from the Jurassic of China (eLife)
  • Paleobotany: Did flowering plants exist in the Jurassic period? (eLife)
  • Bajocian Lissoceratinae (Haploceratoidea, Ammonitida) from the Mediterranean-Caucasian Subrealm (RIPS)
  • Influenced but not determined by historical events: genetic, demographic and morphological differentiation in Heleobia ascotanensis from the Chilean Altiplano (PeerJ)
  • Checklist of the Myriapoda in Cretaceous Burmese amber and a correction of the Myriapoda identified by Zhang (2017) (Check List)
  • A new species of Eumanota Edwards (Diptera, Mycetophilidae, Manotine) from Colombia : evidence for a pseudogondwanan pattern. (American Museum novitates)
  • The hatching mechanism of 130‐million‐year‐old insects: an association of neonates, egg shells and egg bursters in Lebanese amber (The Depositional Record)
  • Globigaetania angulata gen. et. sp. nov. from the Wordian (Middle Permian) of NW Iran (RIPS)
  • Diversity partitioning in Phanerozoic benthic marine communities (PNAS)
  • Vertébrés mésozoïques : poissons (Catalogues du patrimoine paléontologique jurassien)
  • Fuyuanichthys wangi gen. et sp. nov. from the Middle Triassic (Ladinian) of China highlights the early diversification of ginglymodian fishes (PeerJ)
  • A basal aïstopod from the earliest Pennsylvanian of Canada, and the antiquity of the first limbless tetrapod lineage (RSOS)
  • Shell variability in the stem turtles Proterochersis spp. (PeerJ)
  • Remains of Leatherback turtles, Dermochelys coriacea, at Mid-Late Holocene archaeological sites in coastal Oman: clues of past worlds (PeerJ)
  • Vertébrés mésozoïques : tortues (Catalogues du patrimoine paléontologique jurassien)
  • Direct and indirect interactions with vegetation shape crocodylian ecology at multiple scales (Freshwater Biology)
  • Vertébrés mésozoïques: crocodiliens (Catalogues du patrimoine paléontologique jurassien)
  • A new specimen of Prolacerta broomi from the lower Fremouw Formation (Early Triassic) of Antarctica, its biogeographical implications and a taxonomic revision (Scientific Reports)
  • Niche modeling for the genus Pogona (Squamata: Agamidae) in Australia: predicting past (late Quaternary) and future (2070) areas of suitable habitat (PeerJ)
  • The oldest ceratosaurian (Dinosauria: Theropoda), from the Lower Jurassic of Italy, sheds light on the evolution of the three-fingered hand of birds (PeerJ)
  • Niche Partitioning in Theropod Dinosaurs: Diet and Habitat Preference in Predators from the Uppermost Cedar Mountain Formation (Utah, U.S.A.) (Scientific Reports)
  • Traces de dinosaures jurassiques : Chevenez-Combe Ronde (Catalogues du patrimoine paléontologique jurassien)
  • Traces de dinosaures jurassiques : Chevenez-Crat (Catalogues du patrimoine paléontologique jurassien)
  • Traces de dinosaures jurassiques : Courtedoux – Sur Combe Ronde (Catalogues du patrimoine paléontologique jurassien)
  • Traces de dinosaures jurassiques : contexte et méthode (Catalogues du patrimoine paléontologique jurassien)
  • Traces de dinosaures jurassiques : Courtedoux-Tchâfouè (Catalogues du patrimoine paléontologique jurassien)
  • Baalsaurus mansillai gen. et sp. nov. a new titanosaurian sauropod (Late Cretaceous) from Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina (An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc.)
  • Dinosaur-landscape interactions at a diverse Early Cretaceous tracksite (Lee Ness Sandstone, Ashdown Formation, southern England) (P3)
  • Timed Collinear Activation of Hox Genes during Gastrulation Controls the Avian Forelimb Position (Current Biology)
  • Ornamental feathers in Cretaceous Burmese amber: resolving the enigma of rachis-dominated feather structure (Journal of Palaeogeography)
  • Cretaceous Hitchhikers: a Possible Phoretic Association between a Pseudoscorpion and Bird in Burmese Amber (Acta Geologica Sinica)
  • Inter-stride variability triggers gait transitions in mammals and birds (ProcB)
  • Challenging the European southern refugium hypothesis: Species‐specific structures versus general patterns of genetic diversity and differentiation among small mammals (Global Ecology and Biogeography)
  • Pectoral girdle and forelimb musculoskeletal function in the echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus): insights into mammalian locomotor evolution (RSOS)
  • Local persistence of Mann’s soft-haired mouse Abrothrix manni (Rodentia, Sigmodontinae) during Quaternary glaciations in southern Chile (PeerJ)
  • The role of Pleistocene climate change in the genetic variability, distribution and demography of Proechimys cuvieri and P. guyannensis (Rodentia: Echimyidae) in northeastern Amazonia (PLOS ONE)
  • Feeding habits and habitat of herbivorous mammals from the Early–Late Hemphillian (Miocene) of Costa Rica (APP)
  • Biostratigraphy and diversity of Paleogene perissodactyls from the Erlian Basin of Inner Mongolia, China (American Museum Novitates)
  • Investigating equid mobility in Miocene Florida, USA using strontium isotope ratios (P3)
  • The first record of Nemkovella daguini (Neumann, 1958) from the middle-upper Eocene of Oman (Arabian Peninsula) and Meghalaya (Indian Subcontinent) and its significance in Tethyan correlations and paleobiogeography (RIPS)
  • Magnetochronology of Late Miocene Mammal Fauna in Xining Basin, NE Tibetan Plateau, China (Acta Geologica Sinica)
  • An early archaic-odobenid calcaneum from the lower Miocene Shukunohora Formation, Mizunami Group in Mizunami City, Gifu Prefecture, Japan (Bull. Natl. Mus. Nat. Sci. Ser. C)
  • Obsidian consumption at Qdeir 1, a Final Pre-Pottery Neolithic site in Syria: An integrated characterisation study (Comptes Rendus Palevol)
  • The endocast of StW 573 (“Little Foot”) and hominin brain evolution (Journal of Human Evolution)
  • Quaternary Highlights (September–December 2018) (Quaternary)
  • Rocky Start of Dinosaur National Monument (USA), The World’s First Dinosaur Geoconservation Site (Geoconservation Research)

PrePrints and PostPrints:

  • The Case For and Against Double-blind Reviews (bioRXiv)
  • Quantitative analysis of repaired and unrepaired damage to trilobites from the Cambrian (Stage 4 – Drumian) Iberian Chains, NE Spain (PaleorXiv)
  • Hypothesis: Avian flight originated in arboreal archosaurs gliding on membranous wings (PeerJ)
  • Reconstructing an unusual specimen of Haplocanthosaurus using a blend of physical and digital techniques (PeerJ)
  • Elongated thoracic spines as potential predatory deterrents in olenelline trilobites from the lower Cambrian of Nevada (PaleorXiv)
  • What do we mean by the directions “cranial” and “caudal” on a vertebra? (PeerJ)
  • Aragonite bias is expressed spatially in the late Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway, North America. (PaleorXiv)
  • A juvenile cf. Edmontosaurus annectens (Ornithischia, Hadrosauridae) femur documents a poorly represented growth stage for this taxon (PaleorXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Fossil Friday – crocodile skull (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Pteranodon vs Cretoxyrhina (Archosaur Musings)
  • A ‘Ginsu shark’ lost a tooth in its Cretaceous dinner (Nature)
  • On Pterosaurs and Feathers (Letters from Gondwana)
  • New discovery pushes origin of feathers back by 70 million years (Link)
  • Armoured dinosaurs had an efficient internal cooling system (PLOS Paleo)
  • The ROM’s new rock star: Meet Zuul the dinosaur, destroyer of shins (Link)
  • New species of incredible ‘living tank’ dinosaur unveiled (Link)
  • Your Friends The Titanosaurs, part 7: Barrosasaurus, Baurutitan, and Bonatitan (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • Turkeys lie (SVPOW)
  • Prehistoric Mammal Discoveries of 2018 (Synapsida)

Methods and Musings:

  • Episode 50 – Australia (Common Descent)
  • The Haplocanthosaurus presentation from the 1st Palaeo Virtual Congress is now a PeerJ Preprint (SVPOW)
  • Writing the vertebral-orientation paper in the open (SVPOW)
  • It is unethical to teach evolution without confronting racism and sexism (PLOS SciComm)
  • ‘Stop Acting Like A Grad Student’: review of “The Professor Is In” (PLOS ECR)
  • The vertebral orientation presentation from the 1st Palaeo Virtual Congress is now a PeerJ Preprint (SVPOW)
  • How Much Did Antarctic Ice Melt 8 Million Years Ago? (Time Scavengers)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Odds and Ends: Book Reviews, December 2018 (Sympan)
  • Book Review — The Art of Animal Anatomy: All Life is Here, Dissected and Depicted (The Inquisitive Biologist)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: December 14, 2018

Featured Image: Complete articulated skeleton and carapace of the Miocene armadillo Prozaedyus proximus (MPM-PV 3506). From Vizcaíno et al. (2018). CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Mapping the past: GIS and intrasite spatial analyses of fossil deposits in paleontological sites and their applications in taxonomy, taphonomy and paleoecology (PalaeoE)
  • Considering planetary environments in origin of life studies (Nature Communications)
  • Searching for lost nucleotides of the pre-RNA World with a self-refining model of early Earth (Nature Communications)
  • Experimentally investigating the origin of DNA/RNA on early Earth (Nature Communications)
  • Bacterial origin of the red pigmentation of Phanerozoic carbonate rocks: an integrated study of geology-biology-chemistry (Ernest Van den Broeck medallist lecture 2017) (Geologica Belgica)
  • An evolutionary and cultural biography of ginkgo (PPP)
  • Phylogenetic relationships and time-calibration of the South American fossil and extant species of southern beeches (Nothofagus) (APP)
  • Fast adaptation of tropical diatoms to increased warming with trade-offs (Scientific Reports)
  • Colony growth strategies, dormancy and repair in some Late Cretaceous encrusting bryozoans: insights into the ecology of the Chalk seabed (Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments)
  • New records of brachiopods and crinoids from the Silurian (Wenlock) of the southern Urals, Russia (DiVA)
  • Trait‐based ecology of terrestrial arthropods (Biological Reviews)
  • A phylogenomic resolution of the sea urchin tree of life (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • A middle Eocene seep deposit with silicified fauna from the Humptulips Formation in western Washington State, USA (APP)
  • Post-Cretaceous bursts of evolution along the benthic-pelagic axis in marine fishes (ProcB)
  • Metabolic physiology explains macroevolutionary trends in the melanic colour system across amniotes (ProcB)
  • The skull of the carettochelyid turtle Anosteira pulchra from the Eocene (Uintan) of Wyoming and the carotid canal system of carettochelyid turtles (Fossil Record)
  • A new phylogenetic analysis of Phytosauria (Archosauria: Pseudosuchia) with the application of continuous and geometric morphometric character coding (PeerJ)
  • Winged forelimbs of the small theropod dinosaur Caudipteryx could have generated small aerodynamic forces during rapid terrestrial locomotion (Scientific Reports)
  • Evidence for the Cretaceous shark Cretoxyrhina mantelli feeding on the pterosaur Pteranodon from the Niobrara Formation (PeerJ)
  • Flightless birds are not neuroanatomical analogs of non-avian dinosaurs (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Expansion in geographical and morphological space drives continued lineage diversification in a global passerine radiation (ProcB)
  • New skeletal material sheds light on the palaeobiology of the Pleistocene marsupial carnivore, Thylacoleo carnifex (PLOS ONE)
  • Recent Progress and Future Prospects in Fossil Xenarthran Studies, with Emphasis on Current Methodology in Sloth Taxonomy (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • The Postcranial Musculoskeletal System of Xenarthrans: Insights from over Two Centuries of Research and Future Directions (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • An Overview of the Presence of Osteoderms in Sloths: Implications for Osteoderms as a Plesiomorphic Character of the Xenarthra (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • Advantages and Limitations in the Use of Extant Xenarthrans (Mammalia) as Morphological Models for Paleobiological Reconstruction (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • An Overview of Xenarthran Developmental Studies with a Focus on the Development of the Xenarthrous Vertebrae (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • The Concept of a Pedolateral Pes Revisited: The Giant Sloths Megatherium and Eremotherium (Xenarthra, Folivora, Megatheriinae) as a Case Study (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • Potential Distribution of Fossil Xenarthrans in South America during the Late Pleistocene: co-Occurrence and Provincialism (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • Feeding Ecology in Oligocene Mylodontoid Sloths (Mammalia, Xenarthra) as Revealed by Orthodentine Microwear Analysis (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • Epaxial Musculature in Armadillos, Sloths, and Opossums: Functional Significance and Implications for the Evolution of Back Muscles in the Xenarthra (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • Architectural Properties of Sloth Forelimb Muscles (Pilosa: Bradypodidae) (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • Problems of the taxon Archidiskodon meridionalis gromovi Garutt et Alexejeva, 1964 validity: diagnosis, stratigraphic spreading and paleoecology (Proceedings of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences)
  • The Carnivora (Mammalia) from the middle Miocene locality of Gračanica (Bugojno Basin, Gornji Vakuf, Bosnia and Herzegovina) (Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments)
  • Dietary versatility of Early Pleistocene hominins (PNAS)
  • Neandertal Introgression Sheds Light on Modern Human Endocranial Globularity (Current Biology)
  • Improvements in the fossil record may largely resolve current conflicts between morphological and molecular estimates of mammal phylogeny (ProcB)

PrePrints and PostPrints:

  • Petrosal morphology and cochlear function in Mesozoic stem therians (bioRXiv)
  • Comparative Cranial Morphology of the Late Cretaceous Protostegid Sea Turtle Desmatochelys lowii (PaleorXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

Methods and Musings:

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Book review – King of the Dinosaur Hunters: The Life of John Bell Hatcher and the Discoveries that Shaped Paleontology (The Inquisitive Biologist)
  • What $16,500,000 Buys You (LITC)
  • Aquilops skull, take 3 (SVPOW)
  • Book review – Across the Bridge: Understanding the Origin of the Vertebrates (The Inquisitive Biologist)
  • Vintage Dinosaur Art: Great Dinosaurs (LITC)
  • The Ascent of Birds (Raptormaniacs)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: December 7, 2018

Featured Image: The skull of Eretmochelys imbricata in four types of digital representation. From Raselli (2018). CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Rapid microevolution during recent range expansion to harsh environments (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Raman and infrared spectroscopy investigation of the root fossil (rhizoliths) from the Carboniferous period, Piauí Formation, Parnaíba Sedimentary Basin, Northeast Brazil (Vibrational Spectroscopy)
  • The coastal North Pacific: Origins and history of a dominant marine biota (Journal of Biogeography)
  • Molecular palaeontology illuminates the evolution of ecdysozoan vision (ProcB)
  • Re-description of Grammapsychops lebedevi Martynova, 1954 (Neuroptera: Psychopsidae) with notes on the Late Cretaceous psychopsoids (Zootaxa)
  • Fossilized gut of the trilobite Lioparia bassleri and the distribution of exceptional preservation in the Cambrian Stage 4–Drumian Manto Formation of North China (Bulletin of Geosciences)
  • Teller’s operculum; revising a rare operculate gastropod from the Silurian of Wisconsin (Laurentia) (Bulletin of Geosciences)
  • Nautiloid cephalopods from the Rickard Hill facies of the Saugerties Member of the Schoharie Formation, eastern New York, USA (late Emsian, Devonian): A case study in taphonomy from glacial erratics (PalaeoE)
  • Reappraisal of the Eocene whiptail stingrays (Myliobatiformes, Dasyatidae) of the Bolca Lagerstätte, Italy (Zoologica Scripta)
  • New insights into the morphology of the Carboniferous tetrapod Crassigyrinus scoticus from computed tomography (EESTRSE)
  • Physical and environmental drivers of Paleozoic tetrapod dispersal across Pangaea (Nature Communications)
  • Comparative cranial morphology of the Late Cretaceous protostegid sea turtle Desmatochelys lowii (PeerJ)
  • Macroevolution of sexual size dimorphism and reproduction-related phenotypic traits in lizards of the Chaco Domain (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Revision of Varanus marathonensis (Squamata, Varanidae) based on historical and new material: morphology, systematics, and paleobiogeography of the European monitor lizards (PLOS ONE)
  • A new occurrence of the Late Triassic archosaur Smok in southern Poland (APP)
  • Ornithopod diversity in the Griman Creek Formation (Cenomanian), New South Wales, Australia (PeerJ)
  • Are endocasts good proxies for brain size and shape in archosaurs throughout ontogeny? (Journal of Anatomy)
  • Melanosome diversity and convergence in the evolution of iridescent avian feathers—Implications for paleocolor reconstruction (Evolution)
  • Medullary bone in an Early Cretaceous enantiornithine bird and discussion regarding its identification in fossils (Nature Communications)
  • New prehistoric avifaunas from the Gambier Group, French Polynesia (PalaeoE)
  • Exploring the hybrid speciation continuum in birds (Ecology and Evolution)
  • Close-range photogrammetry of the Cleveland-Lloyd Dinosaur Quarry, Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation, Emery County, Utah (Geology of the Intermountain West)
  • Tufamyidae, a new family of hystricognath rodents from the Palaeogene and Neogene of the Sperrgebiet, Namibia (Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia)
  • Characterising the zegdoumyid rodent Tsaukhaebmys from the Ypresian/Lutetian of Black Crow, Namibia (Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia)
  • Diamantochloris mandible from the Ypresian/Lutetian of Namibia (Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia)
  • Propalaeoryx Stromer 1926 (Ruminantia, Pecora, Giraffomorpha) revisited: systematics and phylogeny of an African palaeomerycoid (Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia)
  • Preliminary phylogenetic analysis of the Tragulidae (Mammalia, Cetartiodactyla, Ruminantia) from Arrisdrift: implications for the African Miocene tragulids (Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia)
  • First record of Equus neogeus from the Abaucán River (Catamarca, Argentina) (Estudios Geológicos)
  • A mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius Blumenbach 1799, Proboscidea) calf tooth from the Mousterian of Arbreda Cave (Serinyá, NE Iberian Peninsula) (Estudios Geológicos)
  • Review the high frequencies of the inca bone in East Asian hominins (Quaternary Sciences)
  • Identifying animal taxa used to manufacture bone tools during the Middle Stone Age at Sibudu, South Africa: Results of a CT-rendered histological analysis (PLOS ONE)
  • 1.9-million- and 2.4-million-year-old artifacts and stone tool–cutmarked bones from Ain Boucherit, Algeria (Science)
  • The multiple maternal legacy of the Late Iron Age group of Urville-Nacqueville (France, Normandy) documents a long-standing genetic contact zone in northwestern France (PLOS ONE)
  • The preeminence of ethnic diversity in scientific collaboration (Nature Communications)

PrePrints and PostPrints:

  • AGU 2018 Poster: Long-Term Recovery of Life in the Chicxulub Crater (PaleorXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress, December 1–15, 2018 (Link)
  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Exclusive: Sparkly, opal-filled fossils reveal new dinosaur species (NatGeo)
  • Apatosaurus is — still — Just Plain Wrong (SVPOW)
  • Munching and Migrating Megabeasts: Sauropod teeth illuminate migration patterns between Europe and Africa (PLOS Paleo)
  • How brains, not brawn, helped the Tyrannosaur become king (Link)
  • The most complete enantiornithine bird fossil from North America: “The stuff of legend to those in the paleo-ornithology community” (PeerJ Blog)
  • Not the Pig Family: Fossil Peccaries and More (Synapsida)
  • What half a pig head looks like (SVPOW)

Methods and Musings:

  • Philosophical Metaphor & Philosophical Analysis (Extinct)
  • Episode 49 – Fake Fossils (Common Descent)
  • Why I don’t want to move country (Musings of a Clumsy Palaeontologist)
  • China backs bold plan to tear down journal paywalls (Link)
  • Our presentations are up at the 1st Palaeo Virtual Congress (SVPOW)
  • Biggest extinction in Earth’s history caused by global warming leaving ocean animals gasping for breath (Link)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:


Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: November 30, 2018

Featured Image: Scanning electron micrographs (SEM) of feathers. From Schweitzer et al. (2018), CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Value of species and the evolution of conservation ethics (RSOS)
  • New perspectives in the study of the Earth’s magnetic field and climate connection: The use of transfer entropy (PLOS ONE)
  • Multi-decadal to centennial hydro-climate variability and linkage to solar forcing in the Western Mediterranean during the last 1000 years (Scientific Reports)
  • Exploration of deep terrestrial subsurface microbiome in Late Cretaceous Deccan traps and underlying Archean basement, India (Scientific Reports)
  • AGMT3-D: A software for 3-D landmarks-based geometric morphometric shape analysis of archaeological artifacts (PLOS ONE)
  • Progressive Photonics: Methods and applications of sequential imaging using visible and non-visible spectra to enhance data-yield and facilitate forensic interpretation of fossils (Journal of Paleontological Techniques)
  • Preservation potential of keratin in deep time (PLOS ONE)
  • Early Archean origin of Photosystem II (Geobiology)
  • The Core Eudicot Boom Registered in Myanmar Amber (Scientific Reports)
  • Grassland fire ecology has roots in the late Miocene (PNAS)
  • A Macroscopic Charcoal and Multiproxy Record from Peat Recovered from Depression Marshes in Longleaf Pine Sandhills, Florida, USA (Quaternary)
  • Reinterpretation of an endangered taxon based on integrative taxonomy: The case of Cynara baetica (Compositae) (PLOS ONE)
  • Seasonality modulates the predictive skills of diatom based salinity transfer functions (PLOS ONE)
  • Biodiversity of museum and bulk field samples compared: The Eocene Chiampo sponge fauna, Lessini Mountains, Italy (APP)
  • Oldest Record of the Bivalve Dosinisca Dall and Its Implications (Indian Academy of Sciences)
  • Microbial-tubeworm associations in a 440 million year old hydrothermal vent community (ProcB)
  • A needle in a haystack: Mesozoic origin of parasitism in Strepsiptera revealed by first definite Cretaceous primary larva (Insecta) (PeerJ)
  • Independent origins of female penis and its coevolution with male vagina in cave insects (Psocodea: Prionoglarididae) (Biology Letters)
  • Holocene benthic foraminiferal and ostracod assemblages in a paleo-hydrothermal vent system of Campi Flegrei (Campania, South Italy) (PalaeoE)
  • Postmortem transport in fossil and modern shelled cephalopods (PeerJ)
  • First record of the ammonite genus Graefenbergites (Perisphinctoidea: Passendorferiinae) from the late Oxfordian of the Swabian Alb (SW Germany) (Palaeodiversity)
  • A new look at an old question: when did the second whole genome duplication occur in vertebrate evolution? (Genome Biology)
  • Amphioxus functional genomics and the origins of vertebrate gene regulation (Nature)
  • The dentition of a eugeneodontiform shark from the Lower Pennsylvanian of Derbyshire, UK (APP)
  • Historical biogeography reveals new independent evolutionary lineages in the Pantosteus plebeius-nebuliferus species-group (Actinopterygii: Catostomidae) (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • How (and why) fins turn into limbs: insights from anglerfish (EESTRSE)
  • Unique pelvic fin in a tetrapod-like fossil fish, and the evolution of limb patterning (PNAS)
  • Phylogeny, ecology and deep time: 2D outline analysis of anuran skulls from the Early Cretaceous to the Recent (Palaeontology)
  • A new Early Cretaceous Anuran amphibian from Northeast China (Geological Bulletin of China)
  • Current Perspectives on Tooth Implantation, Attachment, and Replacement in Amniota (Frontiers in Physiology)
  • Cranial anatomy of the gorgonopsian Cynariops robustus based on CT-reconstruction (PLOS ONE)
  • Tanystropheid archosauromorphs in the Lower Triassic of Gondwana (APP)
  • Braincase and endocranial anatomy of two thalattosuchian crocodylomorphs and their relevance in understanding their adaptations to the marine environment (PeerJ)
  • Reptile trace fossils found in Middle Triassic Guanling Formation of northeast Yunnan area (Geological Bulletin of China)
  • History and evolution of Stegosaurus in China (Geological Bulletin of China)
  • An exceptionally preserved association of complete dinosaur skeletons reveals the oldest long-necked sauropodomorphs (Biology Letters)
  • Discovery of Omeisaurus (Dinosauria: Sauropoda) in the Middle Jurassic Shaximiao Formation of Yunyang, Chongqing, China (Vertebrata PalAsiatica)
  • New discovery of Cretaceous dinosaur track fauna in Xichang basin, Sichuan Province (Geological Bulletin of China)
  • Patterns of microchromosome organization remain highly conserved throughout avian evolution (Chromosoma)
  • Bracketing phenogenotypic limits of mammalian hybridization (RSOS)
  • Advances in Quaternary Studies: The Contribution of the Mammalian Fossil Record (Quaternary)
  • Unique morphogenetic signatures define mammalian neck muscles and associated connective tissues (eLife)
  • Variability in the oxygen isotope compositions of modern rodent tooth carbonate: Implications for palaeoclimate reconstructions (P3)
  • A new capybara from the late Miocene of San Juan Province, Argentina, and its phylogenetic implications (APP)
  • First occurrence of the enigmatic peccaries Mylohyus elmorei and Prosthennops serus from the Appalachians: latest Hemphillian to Early Blancan of Gray Fossil Site, Tennessee (PeerJ)
  • Bone histology provides insights into the life history mechanisms underlying dwarfing in hipparionins (Scientific Reports)
  • Tooth Loss Precedes the Origin of Baleen in Whales (Current Biology)
  • Palaeohistology and life history evolution in cave bears, Ursus spelaeus sensu lato (PLOS ONE)
  • Hominin cranial fragments from Milner Hall, Sterkfontein, South Africa (South African Journal of Science)
  • The SKX 1084 hominin patella from Swartkrans Member 2, South Africa: An integrated analysis of its outer morphology and inner structure (Comptes Rendus Palevol)
  • The impact of environmental change on Palaeolithic and Mesolithic plant use and the transition to agriculture at Franchthi Cave, Greece (PLOS ONE)
  • Deciphering Neolithic activities from a Cardial burial site (Cova Bonica) on the western Mediterranean coast (Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports)
  • Adaptation, speciation and extinction in the Anthropocene (ProcB)

PrePrints and PostPrints:

  • Ignoring stratigraphic age uncertainty leads to erroneous estimates of species divergence times under the fossilized birth-death process (bioRXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress, December 1–15, 2018 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Decorah gastropods (and some things that look like gastropods) (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • Early fish development sheds light on limb evolution (Time Scavengers)
  • Episode 48 – Sharks (Common Descent)
  • Sawback Turtle Gets a New Look (Laelaps)
  • Helveticosaurus: the small-headed, long-armed Triassic marine reptile that just wants to be your friend 😦 (Mark Witton)
  • This huge plant eater thrived in the age of dinosaurs — but wasn’t one of them (Science News)
  • Nasutoceratops: Prehistoric Beast of the Week (PBW)
  • Introducing Macrocollum itaquii (Letters from Gondwana)
  • Your Friends The Titanosaurs, part 6: Austroposeidon, titanosaurs of Balochistan, and Baotianmansaurus (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • Lydekker’s (1893) illustration of Xenoposeidon (SVPOW)
  • How Dinosaurs Chewed without Cheeks (Laelaps)
  • Dazzle Like a Diamond in the Rough: The Evolution of Iridescent Plumage (Raptormaniacs)
  • Embryological study of the skull reveals dinosaur-bird connection (Link)
  • Fossil Friday – Squalodon whitmorei (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Twilight of the Almost-Primates (Synapsida)

Methods and Musings:

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:


Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: November 16, 2018

Featured Image: Piramys auffenbergi, holotype skull, GSI 18133. From Ferriera et al. (2018), CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • The Unfinished Synthesis?: Paleontology and Evolutionary Biology in the 20th Century (Journal of the History of Biology)
  • A general pattern of the species abundance distribution (PeerJ)
  • Negative biotic interactions drive predictions of distributions for species from a grassland community (Biology Letters)
  • Consortium of European Taxonomic Facilities (CETAF) best practices in electronic publishing in taxonomy (European Journal of Taxonomy)
  • Jurassic integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China (Science China Earth Sciences)
  • Cretaceous integrative stratigraphy and timescale of China (Science China Earth Sciences)
  • Dynamic Greenland ice sheet driven by pCO2 variations across the Pliocene Pleistocene transition (Nature Communications)
  • Chironomid-inferred Holocene temperature reconstruction in Basa de la Mora Lake (Central Pyrenees) (The Holocene)
  • Further contributions to the early Miocene forest vegetation of the Galatian Volcanic Province, Turkey (PalaeoE)
  • The two phases of the Cambrian Explosion (Scientific Reports)
  • Microbial-tubeworm associations in a 440 million year old hydrothermal vent community (ProcB)
  • Adult Antarctic krill proves resilient in a simulated high CO2 ocean (Communications Biology)
  • Berriasian planktonic foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils from Crimea Mountains, with reference to microfossil evolution (Swiss Journal of Paleontology)
  • A soil-carrying lacewing larva in Early Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Scientific Reports)
  • Pollinivory and the diversification dynamics of bees (Biology Letters)
  • Messor barbarus ants as soil bioturbators: Implications for granulometry, mineralogical composition and fossil remains extraction in Somosaguas site (Madrid basin, Spain) (CATENA)
  •  Two new Paleozoic Asteroidea (Echinodermata) and their taxonomic and evolutionary significance (Journal of Paleontology)
  • Cretaceous Roveacrinids from Mexico revisited: Overcoming the taxonomic misidentifications and subsequent biostratigraphic abuse (Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana)
  • An ancient Turing-like patterning mechanism regulates skin denticle development in sharks (Science Advances)
  • The Definition of Bioregions in Palaeontological Studies of Diversity and Biogeography Affects Interpretations: Palaeozoic Tetrapods as a Case Study (Frontiers in Earth Science)
  • Response From the Authors: A Reassessment of the Taxonomic Position of Mesosaurs, and a Surprising Phylogeny of Early Amniotes (Frontiers in Earth Science)
  • Genetic evidence supports a distinct lineage of American crocodile (Crocodylus acutus) in the Greater Antilles (PLOS ONE)
  • The oldest specialized tetrapod herbivore: A new eupelycosaur from the Permian of New Mexico, USA (PalaeoE)
  • A taxonomic reassessment of Piramys auffenbergi, a neglected turtle from the late Miocene of Piram Island, Gujarat, India (PeerJ)
  • A new microvertebrate assemblage from the Mussentuchit Member, Cedar Mountain Formation: insights into the paleobiodiversity and paleobiogeography of early Late Cretaceous ecosystems in western North America (PeerJ)
  • Comprehensive molecular and cellular studies suggest avian scutate scales are secondarily derived from feathers, and more distant from reptilian scales (Scientific Reports)
  • Smallest known raptor tracks suggest microraptorine activity in lakeshore setting (Scientific Reports)
  • Late Cretaceous sauropod tooth morphotypes may provide supporting evidence for faunal connections between North Africa and Southern Europe (PeerJ)
  • The most complete enantiornithine from North America and a phylogenetic analysis of the Avisauridae (PeerJ)
  • Adaptation and constraint in the evolution of the mammalian backbone (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Pectoral girdle and forelimb musculoskeletal function in the echidna (Tachyglossus aculeatus): insights into mammalian locomotor evolution (RSOS)
  • New data on the earliest European ruminant (Mammalia, Artiodactyla): A revision of the fossil mandible from Rusce in the Pčinja basin (late Eocene, Southeastern Serbia) (PalaeoE)
  • Eocene metatherians from Anatolia illuminate the assembly of an island fauna during Deep Time (PLOS ONE)
  • Intraspecific variation in semicircular canal morphology—A missing element in adaptive scenarios?(American Journal of Physical Anthropology)
  • First record of the Miocene hominoid Sivapithecus from Kutch, Gujarat state, western India (PLOS ONE)

PrePrints and PostPrints:

  •  Surface sediment samples from early age of seafloor exploration can provide a late 19th century baseline of the marine environment (BioRXiv)
  • Discussion Paper: Help! I’m an author – get me out of here (Link)
  • Fossils reveal long-term continuous and parallel innovation in the sacro-caudo-pelvic complex of the highly aquatic pipid frogs (PaleorXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress, December 1–15, 2018 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

Society News:

  • Help rebuilding the paleontology collections of Brazil’s National Museum (SVP)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

Methods and Musings:

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:


Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: November 9, 2018

Featured Image: Changchunsaurus parvus, from Chen et al. (2018), CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • First U-Pb zircon ages for late Miocene Ashfall Konservat-Lagerstätte and Grove Lake ashes from eastern Great Plains, USA (PLOS ONE)
  • The Howiesons Poort lithic sequence of Klipdrift Shelter, southern Cape, South Africa (PLOS ONE)
  • Stability trophic cascades in food chains (RSOS)
  • Phylogeny, biogeography and taxonomic re-assessment of Multifurca (Russulaceae, Russulales) using three-locus data (PLOS ONE)
  • Sympatric and allopatric niche shift of endemic Gypsophila (Caryophyllaceae) taxa in the Iberian Peninsula (PLOS ONE)
  • Inner Workings: Hunting for microbial life throughout the solar system (PNAS)
  • Geophysical upheavals and evolutionary diversification of plant species in the Himalaya (PeerJ)
  • A well-preserved respiratory system in a Silurian ostracod (RSOS)
  • Evolution of Eye Reduction and Loss in Trilobites and Some Related Fossil Arthropods (Emerging Science Journal)
  • Sexual dimorphism in the Arachnid orders (PeerJ)
  • New records of brachiopods and crinoids from the Silurian (Wenlock) of the southern Urals, Russia (GFF)
  • Fossilization transforms vertebrate hard tissue proteins into N-heterocyclic polymers (Nature Communications)
  • Time wears on: Assessing how bone wears using 3D surface texture analysis (PLOS ONE)
  • Ophidiiform fishes from the Oligocene-early Miocene of Moravia, Czech Republic (Bulletin of Geoscience)
  • First record of a coelacanth fish from the Middle Triassic Meride Limestone of Monte San Giorgio (Canton Ticino, Switzerland) (RIPS)
  • Unique pelvic fin in a tetrapod-like fossil fish, and the evolution of limb patterning (PNAS)
  • Past vicariance promoting deep genetic divergence in an endemic frog species of the Espinhaço Range in Brazil: The historical biogeography of Bokermannohyla saxicola (Hylidae) (PLOS ONE)
  • The putative lissamphibian stem-group: phylogeny and evolution of the dissorophoid temnospondyls (Journal of Paleontology)
  • Amphibian life history in a temperate environment of the Mexican Plateau: dimorphism, phenology and trophic ecology of a hylid frog, Hyla eximia (=Dryophytes eximius) (PeerJ)
  • Histological analysis of post-eruption tooth wear adaptations, and ontogenetic changes in tooth implantation in the acrodontan squamate Pogona vitticeps (PeerJ)
  • X-ray computed microtomography of Megachirella wachtleri (Scientific Data)
  • Carbon and oxygen isotopic studies of the horizon of Kueichousaurus Fauna (Geology in China)
  • Goldfuß was right: Soft part preservation in the Late Jurassic pterosaur Scaphognathus crassirostris revealed by reflectance transformation imaging (RTI) and UV light and the auspicious beginnings of paleo-art (PalaeoE)
  • Pterosauria of the Great Oolite Group (Bathonian, Middle Jurassic) of Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire, England (APP)
  • Tooth development, histology, and enamel microstructure in Changchunsaurus parvus: Implications for dental evolution in ornithopod dinosaurs (PLOS ONE)
  • Geological records of fossils layer and death process and taphonomy of dinosaurs in Cretaceous in Tianyuan, Zhuzhou (Geology in China)
  • Multifaceted disparity approach reveals dinosaur herbivory flourished before the end-Cretaceous mass extinction (Paleobiology)
  • An record of the early Priotanancus and Stephanocemas from the North of the Junggar Basin, and its implication for the Chinese Shanwangian (Vertebrata PalAsiatica)
  • Contrasting evolutionary history, anthropogenic declines and genetic contact in the northern and southern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) (ProcB)
  • Hominoid intraspecific cranial variation mirrors neutral genetic diversity (PNAS)
  • Niche adaptation and viral transmission of human papillomaviruses from archaic hominins to modern humans (PLOS ONE)

PrePrints and PostPrints:

  • Body-shape diversity in Triassic–Early Cretaceous neopterygian fishes: sustained holostean disparity and predominantly gradual increases in teleost phenotypic variety (PaleorXiv)
  • Enigmatic encrusting fossils from the Upper Devonian of Russia: probable Rothpletzella microproblematica preserved in three dimensions (PaleorXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress, December 1–15, 2018 (Link)
    • The 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress: new abstract deadline, and registration payment methods (SVPOW)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

Society News:

  • Help rebuilding the paleontology collections of Brazil’s National Museum (SVP)

Resources:

  • Paleo Society Elements of Paleontology Series: Strategies to teach Paleontology in the classroom (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Tiny Footprints, Big Discovery: Reptile Tracks Oldest Ever Found in Grand Canyon (Link)
  • Harpymimus: Beast of the Week (PBW)
  • We may never know how flexible sauropod necks were (SVPOW)
  • T. Rex Turned Like a Ballerina from a Slow-Motion Nightmare (LiveScience)
  • Diverticulum, diverticula (SVPOW)
  • Bitten Bone a Sign of a Cretaceous Snack (Laelaps)
  • Delicate Fossil Bird Reveals Prehistoric Plumage Patterns (Laelaps)
  • Episode 47 – Early Synapsids (“Proto-Mammals”) (Common Descent)
  • Saber-toothed cats with oral injuries ate softer foods than their uninjured counterparts, who may have provided injured cats with soft scraps (GSA)
  • The Pig Family: Fossil Pigs (Synapsida)
  • On Horses, In Solidarity (Extinct)

Methods and Musings:

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Vintage Dinosaur Art: The Starfish Book of Dinosaurs and Early Animals (LITC)
  • FINALLY finding Louisville’s 1964 New York World’s Fair Triceratops! (Dave’s Dinosaurs)
  • Book review – Smilodon: The Iconic Sabertooth (The Inquisitive Biologist)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: November 2, 2018

Featured Image: Tomographic renderings of endoskeletal anatomy of †Saurichthys sp. (NHMD_157546_A), right lateral (mirrored) view. From Argyriou et al. (2018). CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Colorado Plateau Coring Project, Phase I (CPCP-I): a continuously cored, globally exportable chronology of Triassic continental environmental change from western North America (Scientific Drilling)
  • Highly bioavailable dust-borne iron delivered to the Southern Ocean during glacial periods (PNAS)
  • Future-proofing the Cenozoic macroperforate planktonic foraminifera phylogeny of Aze & others (2011) (PLOS ONE)
  • Support for a clade of Placozoa and Cnidaria in genes with minimal compositional bias (eLife)
  • Indirect effects of climate change altered the cannibalistic behaviour of shell-drilling gastropods in Antarctica during the Eocene (RSOS)
  • A giant mite in Cretaceous Burmese amber (Fossil Record)
  • Tarimspira from the Cambrian (Series 2, Stage 4) of Laurentia (Greenland): extending the skeletal record of paraconodontid vertebrates (Journal of Paleontology)
  • A new Miocene skate from the Central Paratethys (Upper Austria): the first unambiguous skeletal record for the Rajiformes (Chondrichthyes: Batomorphii) (Journal of Systematic Paleontology)
  • Internal cranial anatomy of Early Triassic species of †Saurichthys (Actinopterygii: †Saurichthyiformes): implications for the phylogenetic placement of †saurichthyiforms (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Prionochelys matutina Zangerl, 1953 (Testudines: Pan-Cheloniidae) from the Late Cretaceous of the United States and the evolution of epithecal ossifications in marine turtles (PeerJ)
  • Soft-bodied fossil of a lizard from the Parachute Creek Member, Green River Formation (Eocene), Utah (Geology of the Intermountain West)
  • New sauropodomorph and cynodont remains from the Late Triassic Sacisaurus site in southern Brazil and its stratigraphic position in the Norian Caturrita Formation (APP)
  • Considerations on the replacement of a type species in the case of the sauropod dinosaur Diplodocus Marsh, 1878 (Geology of the Intermountain West)
  • Complex overlapping joints between facial bones allowing limited anterior sliding movements of the snout in diplodocid sauropods. (American Museum novitates)
  • A new rebbachisaurid sauropod from the Aptian–Albian, Lower Cretaceous Rayoso Formation, Neuquén, Argentina (APP)
  • Ontogeny and taxonomy of the hadrosaur (Dinosauria, Ornithopoda) remains from Basturs Poble bonebed (late early Maastrichtian, Tremp Syncline, Spain) (PLOS ONE)
  • New dinosaur egg material from Yunxian, Hubei Province, China resolves the classification of dendroolithid eggs (APP)
  • Cancellous bone and theropod dinosaur locomotion. Part I—an examination of cancellous bone architecture in the hindlimb bones of theropods (PeerJ)
  • Cancellous bone and theropod dinosaur locomotion. Part II—a new approach to inferring posture and locomotor biomechanics in extinct tetrapod vertebrates (PeerJ)
  • Cancellous bone and theropod dinosaur locomotion. Part III—Inferring posture and locomotor biomechanics in extinct theropods, and its evolution on the line to birds (PeerJ)
  • Large-sized theropod Spinosaurus: an important component of the carnivorous dinosaur fauna in southern continents during the Cretaceous (Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France)
  • Dinosaur behaviour in an Early Jurassic palaeoecosystem – uppermost Elliot Formation, Ha Nohana, Lesotho (Annales Societatis Geologorum Poloniae)
  • Nocturnal giants: evolution of the sensory ecology in elephant birds and other palaeognaths inferred from digital brain reconstructions (ProcB)
  • Elaborate plumage patterning in a Cretaceous bird (PeerJ)
  • Physiological constraint on acrobatic courtship behavior underlies rapid sympatric speciation in bearded manakins (eLife)
  • Do subterranean mammals use the Earth’s magnetic field as a heading indicator to dig straight tunnels? (PeerJ)
  • First occurrence of Duboisia (Bovidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia) from Thailand (Fossil Record)
  • Confirmation of arboreal habits in Dromiciops gliroides: a key role in Chilean Temperate Rainforests (Ecosphere)
  • Disentangling isolated dental remains of Asian Pleistocene hominins and pongines (PLOS ONE)
  • 3D virtual reconstruction of the Kebara 2 Neandertal thorax (Nature Communications)
  • Wintertime stress, nursing, and lead exposure in Neanderthal children (Science Advances)
  • Hominoid intraspecific cranial variation mirrors neutral genetic diversity (PNAS)

PrePrints and PostPrints:

  • Climatic and ecological history of Pantepui and surrounding areas with biogeographical and evolutionary considerations (PaleorXiv)
  • Explanation for Delayed Recovery of Species Diversity Following the End Cretaceous Mass Extinction (PaleorXiv)
  • Osteohistology of the hadrosauroid (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) from Labirinta cave, Bulgaria: An example of insular dwarfism or simply young giant? (PaleorXiv)
  • Ecological persistence, incumbency and reorganization in the Karoo Basin during the Permian-Triassic transition (PaleorXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • 2018 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, November 4–7, 2018, Indianapolis, Indiana (Link)
  • 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress, December 1–15, 2018 (Link)
    • The 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress: new abstract deadline, and registration payment methods (SVPOW)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

Events:


News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Tiny beetle trapped in amber might show how landmasses shifted (Link)
  • Where Did Fish First Evolve? The Answer May Be Shallow (NY Times)
  • It’s a Hard-Knock Life for an Ichthyosaur (PLOS Paleo)
  • Caelestiventus: Beast of the Week (PBW)
  • Dinosaurs Had Birdlike Lungs (Laelaps)
  • Dinosaurs put all colored birds’ eggs in one basket, evolutionarily speaking (Link)
  • Fossil Friday – juvenile hadrosaur jaw (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Your Friends The Titanosaurs, part 5: Argyrosaurus, Atacamatitan, and Atsinganosaurus (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • Bitten Bone a Sign of a Cretaceous Snack (Laelaps)
  • Miocene (Pt 10): The Beasts with Three Horns (Synapsida)
  • Earliest hominin migrations into the Arabian Peninsula required no novel adaptations (link)

Methods and Musings:

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:


Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: October 26, 2018

Featured Image: Comparison of the neural spine of Maraapunisaurus fargillimus restored as a rebbachisaurid (A), and the dorsal vertebrae of Rebbachisaurus garasbae (B), and Histriasaurus boscarollii (C). Increments on scale bars = 10 cm. From Carpenter (2018), CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Modelling determinants of extinction across two Mesozoic hyperthermal events (ProcB)
  • The inseparability of sampling and time and its influence on attempts to unify the molecular and fossil records (Paleobiology)
  • Redox-dependent niche differentiation provides evidence for multiple bacterial sources of glycerol tetraether lipids in lakes (PNAS)
  • Temporal and spatial characteristics of sediment sources on the southern Yangtze Shoal over the Holocene (Scientific Reports)
  • What is an archaeon and are the Archaea really unique? (PeerJ)
  • Two New Species of Protocedroxylon Gothan (Pinaceae) from the Middle Jurassic of Eastern Inner Mongolia, NE China (Acta Geologica Sinica)
  • Mid-Cretaceous Hothouse Climate and the Expansion of Early Angiosperms (Acta Geologica Sinica)
  • Middle Miocene climate of southwestern Anatolia from multiple botanical proxies (Climate of the Past)
  • Systematic revision and phylogenetic assessment of the foraminiferal family Globivalvulinidae (APP)
  • Three, two, one! Revision of the long-bodied sphaerodorids (Sphaerodoridae, Annelida) and synonymization of Ephesiella, Ephesiopsis and Sphaerodorum (PeerJ)
  • Revision of the lacewing genus Laccosmylus with two new species from the Middle Jurassic of China (Insecta, Neuroptera, Saucrosmylidae) (ZooKeys)
  • A new fossil species of Euroleptochromus Jałoszyński (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Scydmaeninae) from Eocene Baltic amber (Zootaxa)
  • A redescription of Tesseraspis mosaica Karatajūtė-Talimaa, 1983 (Vertebrata: †Pteraspidomorphi: Heterostraci) from the Lochkovian (Lower Devonian) of Severnaya Zemlya, Russia, with a review of tessellated heterostracan taxa (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • Acanthodians from the Lower Devonian (Emsian) ‘Placoderm Sandstone’, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • The Early Devonian ischnacanthiform acanthodian Ischnacanthus gracilis (Egerton, 1861)from the Midland Valley of Scotland (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • A new aspinothoracid arthrodire from the Late Devonian of Ohio, U.S.A. (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • A preliminary note of egg-case oviparityin a Devonian placoderm fish (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • Stem chondrichthyan microfossils from the Lower Old Red Sandstone of the Welsh Borderland (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • Vascular structure of the earliest shark teeth (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • Symmoriiform sharks from the Pennsylvanian of Nebraska (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • A revision of Campyloprion Eastman, 1902 (Chondrichthyes, Helicoprionidae), including new occurrences from the Upper Pennsylvanian of New Mexico and Texas, USA (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • Orthacanthus platypternus (Cope, 1883) (Chondrichthyes: Xenacanthiformes) teeth and other isolated vertebrate remains from a single horizon in the early Permian (Artinskian) Craddock Bonebed, lower Clear Fork Group, Baylor County, Texas, USA (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • A review of Silurian fishes from north-western Hunan, China and related biostratigraphy (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • Evolution of the facial musculature in basal ray-finned fishes (Frontiers in Zoology)
  • Middle Devonian thelodont Australolepis sp. (Thelodonti) from the Skały Formation, Holy Cross Mountains, Poland (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • Creating functional groups of marine fish from categorical traits (PeerJ)
  • Ice ages and butterflyfishes: Phylogenomics elucidates the ecological and evolutionary history of reef fishes in an endemism hotspot (Ecology and Evolution)
  • Evolution of African barbs from the Lake Victoria drainage system, Kenya (PeerJ)
  • A phylogenomic approach to reconstruct interrelationships of main clupeocephalan lineages with a critical discussion of morphological apomorphies (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • New materials on Ventalepis ketleriensis Schultze, 1980 extend the zoogeographic area of a Late Devonian vertebrate assemblage (Acta Geologica Polonica)
  • Follow the footprints and mind the gaps: a new look at the origin of tetrapods (EESTRSE)
  • The First Vertebrate Assemblage Dominated by Fishes and Turtles of the Jehol Biota in Jilin Province, NE China (Acta Geologica Sinica)
  • Two new finds of turtle remains from the Danian and Selandian (Paleocene) deposits of Denmark with evidence of predation by crocodilians and sharks (Bull. Geol. Soc. Denmark)
  • Systematic revision of the living African Slender-snouted Crocodiles (Mecistops Gray, 1844) (Zootaxa)
  • Pathological survey on Temnodontosaurus from the Early Jurassic of southern Germany (PLOS ONE)
  • Evolution and Development of the Atrial Septum (Anatomical Record)
  • Vertebral morphometrics and lung structure in non-avian dinosaurs (RSOS)
  • Maraapunisaurus fragillimus, N.G. (formerly Amphicoelias fragillimus), a basal Rebbachisaurid from the Morrison Formation (Upper Jurassic) of Colorado (Geology of the Intermountain West)
  • The first specimen of Archaeopteryx from the Upper Jurassic Mörnsheim Formation of Germany (Historical Biology)
  • Building a Bird: Musculoskeletal Modeling and Simulation of Wing-Assisted Incline Running During Avian Ontogeny (Frontiers In Bioengineering and Biotechnology)
  • The effect of long-term atmospheric changes on the macroevolution of birds (Gondwana Research)
  • A test of the European Pleistocene refugial paradigm, using a Western Palaearctic endemic bird species (ProcB)
  • Multi-modal signal evolution in birds: re-examining a standard proxy for sexual selection (ProcB)
  • A new protodidelphid (Mammalia, Marsupialia, Didelphimorphia) from the Itaboraí Basin and its implications for the evolution of the Protodidelphidae (An. Acad. Bras. Ciênc.)
  • Limb bone scaling in hopping macropods and quadrupedal artiodactyls (RSOS)
  • Miocene biome turnover drove conservative body size evolution across Australian vertebrates (ProcB)
  • First occurrence of Duboisia (Bovidae, Artiodactyla, Mammalia) from Thailand (Fossil Record)
  • Historical biogeography of the leopard (Panthera pardus) and its extinct Eurasian populations (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Pre-Solutrean rock art in southernmost Europe: Evidence from Las Ventanas Cave (Andalusia, Spain) (PLOS ONE)
  • Pre-Clovis projectile points at the Debra L. Friedkin site, Texas—Implications for the Late Pleistocene peopling of the Americas (Science Advances)

PrePrints and PostPrints:


Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • 2018 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, November 4–7, 2018, Indianapolis, Indiana (Link)
  • 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress, December 1–15, 2018 (Link)
    • The 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress: new abstract deadline, and registration payment methods (SVPOW)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

Events:


News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Guest Post: Brittle Star Arms Are Weird (What’s in John’s Freezer)
  • Early tetrapod feeding (Musings of a Clumsy Paleontologist)
  • A Climate Catastrophe Paved the Way for the Dinosaurs’ Reign (The Atlantic)
  • First fossil lungs found in dinosaur-era bird (NatGeo)
  • T. rex pulverized bones with an incredible amount of force (Link)
  • What if Amphicoelias fragillimus was a rebbachisaurid? (SVPOW)
  • Some noodling about pneumaticity and body size (SVPOW)
  • The Best Time for Breeding (Synapsida)
  • The myth of New Zealand’s predator-free history (Noted)

Methods and Musings:

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

  • Sandy Kawano, Comparative Physiologist and Biomechanist (Time Scavengers)
  • An interview with Katrina van Grouw, author and artist of The Unfeathered Bird and Unnatural Selection (Mark Witton)
  • A Smithsonian Dino-Celebrity Finally Tells All (Smithsonian)
  • The Big Patreon Announcement (LITC)
  • Death of a Fossil Hunter (SciAm)
  • Interview with Brian Engh (Archosaur Musings)
  • SVP 2018 (Raptormaniacs)

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:


Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: October 19, 2018

Featured Image: Glyptodont osteoderms. From de Lima and Porpino (2018), CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Can you make morphometrics work when you know the right answer? Pick and mix approaches for apple identification (PLOS ONE)
  • Spatial and temporal distribution of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments from Poyang Lake, China (PLOS ONE)
  • Morphological characterization of virus-like particles in coral reef sponges (PeerJ)
  • The Messinian stromatolites of the Sierra del Colmenar (Western Mediterranean): facies characterization and sedimentological interpretation (PeerJ)
  • Morphological diversity of Quercus fossil pollen in the northern South China Sea during the last glacial maximum and its paleoclimatic implication (PLOS ONE)
  • Evolutionary Transition in the Late Neogene Planktonic Foraminiferal Genus Truncorotalia (iScience)
  • Conodonts, Corals and Stromatoporoids from Late Ordovician and Latest Silurian Allochthonous Limestones in the Cuga Burga Volcanics of Central Western New South Wales (Proceedings of the Linnean Society of NSW)
  • ESR Dating Ungulate Teeth and Molluscs from the Paleolithic Site Marathousa 1, Megalopolis Basin, Greece (Quaternary)
  • A Piranha-like Pycnodontiform Fish from the Late Jurassic (Current Biology)
  • The Smallest-Known Neonate Individual of Tylosaurus (Mosasauridae, Tylosaurinae) Sheds New Light on the Tylosaurine Rostrum and Heterochrony (JVP)
  • Morphogenetic mechanism of the acquisition of the dinosaur-type acetabulum (RSOS)
  • The hippocampus of birds in a view of evolutionary connectomics (Cortex)
  • Ectoparasitism and infections in the exoskeletons of large fossil cingulates (PLOS ONE)
  • Nyctereutes (Mammalia, Carnivora, Canidae) from Layna and the Eurasian raccoon-dogs: an updated revision (RIPS)
  • New Paratethyan dwarf baleen whales mark the origin of cetotheres (PeerJ)
  • Dogs accompanied humans during the Neolithic expansion into Europe (Biology Letters)
  • What If the ‘Anthropocene’ Is Not Formalized as a New Geological Series/Epoch? (Quaternary)
  • Can we detect ecosystem critical transitions and signals of changing resilience from paleo‐ecological records? (Ecosphere)

PrePrints and PostPrints:

  • Modelling determinants of extinction across two Mesozoic hyperthermal events (PaleorXiv)
  • Could Late Cretaceous sauropod tooth morphotypes provide supporting evidence for faunal connections between North Africa and Southern Europe? (PeerJ)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • 2018 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, November 4–7, 2018, Indianapolis, Indiana (Link)
  • 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress, December 1–15, 2018 (Link)
    • The 1st Palaeontological Virtual Congress: new abstract deadline, and registration payment methods (SVPOW)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

Events:

Resources:

  • Teaching in the Grant Museum (UCL)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Geologists Question ‘Evidence Of Ancient Life’ In 3.7 Billion-Year-Old Rocks (NPR)
  • Episode 95: Plants and Atmosphere (Palaeocast)
  • Fun with Foraminifera (Time Scavengers)
  • The Secret to Dinosaur Hip Shape (Laelaps)
  • Sacral pneumatization in sauropods was complex (SVPOW)
  • Maybe pneumaticity is variable because it’s built on a shaky foundation (SVPOW)
  • Fossil Friday – Dynamoterror dynastes (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Bats That Eat Fish (Synapsida)

Methods and Musings:

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

  • Mike Taylor interview by Szymon Górnicki (SVPOW)
  • Guest Post: Learning about preprints with PREreview (PLOS ECR Community)
  • TetZooCon 2018 Day 2 (LITC)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.