Fossil Friday Roundup: March 8, 2019

Featured Image:  BMR P2002.4.1 maxilla. From Peterson and Daus (2019).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Geological significance of new zircon U–Pb geochronology and geochemistry: Niuxinshan intrusive complex, northern North China Craton (PLOS ONE)
  • Palaeoenvironment and palaeoclimate in the western Liguria region (northwestern Italy) during the Last Glacial. The small mammal sequence of Riparo Mochi (Balzi Rossi, Ventimiglia) (Comptes Rendus Palevol)
  • Dropstones in Lacustrine Sediments as a Record of Snow Avalanches—A Validation of the Proxy by Combining Satellite Imagery and Varve Chronology at Kenai Lake (South-Central Alaska) (Quaternary)
  • Phylogenomics and Morphological Reconstruction of Arcellinida Testate Amoebae Highlight Diversity of Microbial Eukaryotes in the Neoproterozoic (Current Biology)
  • Advanced approach to analyzing calcareous protists for present and past pelagic ecology: Comprehensive analysis of 3D-morphology, stable isotopes, and genes of planktic foraminifers (PLOS ONE)
  • Intraspecific variation through ontogeny in late Cretaceous ammonites. (American Museum novitates)
  • First associated tooth set of a high-cusped Ptychodus (Chondrichthyes, Elasmobranchii) from the Upper Cretaceous of northeastern Italy, and resurrection of Ptychodus altior Agassiz, 1835 (Cretaceous Research)
  • A reworked elasmobranch fauna from Tunisia providing a snapshot of Eocene-Oligocene Tethyan faunas (Journal of African Earth Sciences)
  • The transition between Carcharocles chubutensis and Carcharocles megalodon (Otodontidae, Chondrichthyes): lateral cusplet loss through time (JVP)
  • Taxonomy and phylogeny of Eosemionotus Stolley, 1920 (Neopterygii: Ginglymodi) from the Middle Triassic of Europe (PalaeoE)
  • High-density three-dimensional morphometric analyses support conserved static (intraspecific) modularity in caecilian (Amphibia: Gymnophiona) crania (Biological Journal of the Linnean Society)
  • Anatomical study of the skull of amphisbaenian Diplometopon zarudnyi (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) (Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences)
  • A new species of Mauremys (Testudines, Geoemydidae) from the late Miocene – Pliocene of Central Macedonia (northern Greece) with exceptionally wide vertebral scutes (Papers in Paleontology)
  • Identification of the Lower Cretaceous pleurodiran turtle Taquetochelys decorata as the only African araripemydid species Taquetochelys decorata, tortue pleurodire du Crétacé Inférieur: seule espèce d’Araripemydidé d’Afrique (Copmtes Rendus Palevol)
  • Inner skull cavities of the basal eusuchian Lohuecosuchus megadontos (Upper Cretaceous, Spain) and neurosensorial implications (Cretaceous Research)
  • Detection of Lower Cretaceous fossil impressions of a marine tetrapod on Monte Conero (Central Italy) (Cretaceous Research)
  • Effects of body plan evolution on the hydrodynamic drag and energy requirements of swimming in ichthyosaurs (ProcB)
  • A global perspective on Mesozoic marine amniotes (Alcheringa)
  • Comment on Brocklehurst et al. (RSOS)
  • Ontogenetic stages of ceratopsian dinosaur Psittacosaurus in bone histology (APP)
  • Maiasaura (Dinosauria: Hadrosauridae) Tibia Osteohistology Reveals Non-Annual Cortical Vascular Rings in Young of the Year (Frontiers in Earth Science)
  • Different trackway patterns in titanosaur sauropods: Analysis of new Titanopodus tracks from the Upper Cretaceous of Mendoza, Neuquén Basin, Argentina (Cretaceous Research)
  • A new dicraeosaurid sauropod from the Lower Cretaceous (Mulichinco Formation, Valanginian, Neuquén Basin) of Argentina (Cretaceous Research)
  • Aquatic adaptation in the skull of carnivorous dinosaurs (Theropoda: Spinosauridae) and the evolution of aquatic habits in spinosaurids (Cretaceous Research)
  • Feeding traces attributable to juvenile Tyrannosaurus rex offer insight into ontogenetic dietary trends (PeerJ)
  • Ecological niche modelling does not support climatically-driven dinosaur diversity decline before the Cretaceous/Paleogene mass extinction (Nature Communications)
  • Systemic distribution of medullary bone in the avian skeleton: ground truthing criteria for the identification of reproductive tissues in extinct Avemetatarsalia (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Postcranial morphology of the Early Triassic epicynodont Galesaurus planiceps (Owen) from the Karoo Basin, South Africa (Papers in Paleontology)
  • Convergent evolution of bird-mammal shared characteristics for adapting to nocturnality (ProcB)
  • Rapid morphological evolution in placental mammals post-dates the origin of the crown group (ProcB)
  • New species of Karydomys (Rodentia) from the Miocene of Chios Island (Greece) and phylogenetic relationships of this rare democricetodontine genus (Papers in Paleontology)
  • L’apport du registre paléogène d’Amazonie sur la diversification initiale des Caviomorpha (Hystricognathi, Rodentia) : implications phylogénétiques, macroévolutives et paléobiogéographiques (Geodiversitas)
  • A year in the life of a giant ground sloth during the Last Glacial Maximum in Belize (Science Advances)
  • Systematic and phylogeny of Prodolichotis prisca (Caviidae, Dolichotinae) from the Northwest of Argentina (late Miocene–early Pliocene): Advances in the knowledge of the evolutionary history of maras (Comptes Rendus Palevol)
  • Taxonomy and systematic of fossil hog-nosed skunks, genus Conepatus (Carnivora: Mephitidae) from Argentina (Journal of South American Earth Sciences)
  • Elbow Joint Geometry in Bears (Ursidae, Carnivora): a Tool to Infer Paleobiology and Functional Adaptations of Quaternary Fossils (Journal of Mammalian Evolution)
  • Description of a new toothed mysticete from the Late Oligocene of San Juan de La Costa, B.C.S., México (Journal of South American Earth Sciences)
  • Wrist morphology reveals substantial locomotor diversity among early catarrhines: an analysis of capitates from the early Miocene of Tinderet (Kenya) (SciRep)
  • Mammoth ivory was the most suitable osseous raw material for the production of Late Pleistocene big game projectile points (Scientific Reports)
  • Modern botanical analogue of endangered Yak (Bos mutus) dung from India: Plausible linkage with extant and extinct megaherbivores (PLOS ONE)
  • Late Quaternary fossil mammals from the Cayman Islands, West Indies. (Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History)
  • Systematic and locomotor diversification of the Adapis group (Primates, Adapiformes) in the late Eocene of the Quercy (Southwest France), revealed by humeral remains (Journal of Human Evolution)
  • A Novel Automated Mass Digitisation Workflow for Natural History Microscope Slides (Biodiversity Data Journal)
  • Opinion: Why science needs philosophy (PNAS)

Preprints/PostPrints:

  • A review of the fossil record of non-baenid turtles of the clade Paracryptodira (PaleorXiv)
  • Beltanelliformis brunsae Menner in Keller et al., 1974: an undoubted Ediacaran fossil from Neoproterozoic of Dobrogea (Romania). (Arxiv)
  • Reconstructing the ecology of a Jurassic pseudoplanktonic megaraft colony (bioRXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

Journals:

  • New PeerJ Awards for visualizing biological data, palaeontology, coral reefs, and zebrafish studies (PeerJ)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

Methods and Musings:

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

  • Franz Nopcsa: the dashing baron who discovered dwarf dinosaurs (NHM)
  • Science World’s Dr. Scott Sampson (Nuvo Magazine)
  • Baring the Bones of the Lost Country: The Last Paleontologist in Venezuela (Longreads)
  • Bethany Allen, Computational Paleobiologist and Education Outreach Fellow (Time Scavengers)
  • The mounting of the cast of Diplodocus carnegii at the Museo de La Plata. (Letters from Gondwana)
  • We’re going to the Carnegie Museum! (SVPOW)
  • International Women’s Day: Frances Mussett (Giant Science Lady)

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Two navel-gazey announcements: book signing in Pittsburgh this Sunday, and Medlife Crisis video (SVPOW)
  • Book review – Evolutions: Fifteen Myths That Explain Our World (Inquisitive Biologist)
  • The survey of Paleoartists returns! (LITC)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: March 1, 2019

Featured Image: From Szczygielski et al. (2019).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Early Middle Devonian trilobites and events in the Nismes – Vireux-Molhain area, southern border of the Dinant Synclinorium (Belgium, northern France) (Geologica Belgica)
  • Middle Miocene decapod crustacean assemblage from the Tuzla Basin (Tušanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina), with a description of two new species and comparison with coeval faunas from Slovenia (PalaeoE)
  • The phylogenetic relationships of Cretaceous biting midges, with a key to all known genera (Diptera, Ceratopogonidae) (American Museum novitates)
  • A middle – late Eocene neoselachian assemblage from nearshore marine deposits, Mahajanga Basin, northwestern Madagascar (PLOS ONE)
  • Drivers of recovery and reassembly of coral reef communities (ProcB)
  • The evolution of traits and functions in herbivorous coral reef fishes through space and time (ProcB)
  • The earliest equatorial record of frogs from the Late Triassic of Arizona (Biology Letters)
  • New tomographic contribution to characterizing mesosaurid congenital scoliosis (PLOS ONE)
  • Diverging development of akinetic skulls in cryptodire and pleurodire turtles: an ontogenetic and phylogenetic study (Link)
  • Quantitative heterodonty in Crocodylia: assessing size and shape across modern and extinct taxa (PeerJ)
  • The first theropod tracks from the Middle Jurassic of Gansu, Northwest China: new and rare evidence of quadrupedal progression in theropod dinosaurs (Journal of Palaeogeography)
  • The Fossil Record of Biodiversity in Angola Through Time: A Paleontological Perspective (Biodiversity of Angola)
  • Puercolestes and Betonnia (Cimolestidae, Mammalia) from the early Paleocene (Puercan 3 Interval Zone) of northeastern Montana, U.S.A. (PaleoBios)
  • Fossil Ovibos moschatus (Artiodactyla, Bovidae) from Buryn, with Reference to Muskox Dispersal in the Late Pleistocene of Ukraine (Vestnik Zoologii)
  • Mammoth ivory was the most suitable osseous raw material for the production of Late Pleistocene big game projectile points (Scientific Reports)
  • Mosaic dental morphology in a terminal Pleistocene hominin from Dushan Cave in southern China (SciRep)
  • Early in life effects and heredity: reconciling neo-Darwinism with neo-Lamarckism under the banner of the inclusive evolutionary synthesis (ProcB)
  • On the probabilities of branch durations and stratigraphic gaps in phylogenies of fossil taxa when rates of diversification and sampling vary over time (Paleobiology)
  • Does exceptional preservation distort our view of disparity in the fossil record? (ProcB)

Preprints/PostPrints:

  • Body coloration and mechanisms of colour production in Archelosauria: The case of deirocheline turtles (bioRXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • PaleoFest, March 2–3, 2019, Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford, Illinois (Link)
  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • The many moods of Rauffella (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • Modern Connections for the Ancient Sharks of Madagascar (PLOS Paleo)
  • Paleontologists identify small fossils as that of oldest frog relative found in North America (Link)
    The problem with floating pterosaurs (Archosaur Musings)
  • Speaker Series 2019: The Origins and Evolution of Madagascar’s Modern Vertebrates (Royal Tyrrell)
  • Protoceratops: Beast of the Week (PBW)
  • Introducing Moros intrepidus, the harbinger of doom (Letters from Gondwana)

Methods and Musings:

  • Episode 55 – The “Sixth Extinction” (Modern Biodiversity Crisis) (Common Descent)
  • Recollections of Dinosaurs Past and Present, the 1980s Exhibition (TetZoo)
  • This Mesozoic Month (LITC)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:


Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: February 22, 2019

Featured Image: Axial body models (constructed in FreeCAD) of (A) Yangchuanosaurus shangyouensis (CV 00215), (B) Sinraptor hepingensis (ZDM 0024), and (C) Tarbosaurus bataar (ZPAL MgD-I/4).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • From data compilation to model validation: a comprehensive analysis of a full deep-sea ecosystem model of the Chatham Rise (PeerJ)
  • Exceptionally well-preserved Orsten-type phosphatocopid crustaceans from the Cambrian of Poland (APP)
  • Stable isotopic characterization of a coastal floodplain forest community: a case study for isotopic reconstruction of Mesozoic vertebrate assemblages (RSOS)
  • Lower Triassic (Induan to Olenekian) conodonts, foraminifera, and bivalves from the Al Mamalih area, Dead Sea, Jordan: Constraints on the P–T boundary (RIPS)
  • Unexpected diversity of median caudal cartilages in teleosts (Zoological J of the Linnean Society)
  • Otoliths in situ in the stem teleost Cavenderichthys talbragarensis (Woodward, 1895), otoliths in coprolites, and isolated otoliths from the Upper Jurassic of Talbragar, New South Wales, Australia (JVP)
  • Bilateral Jaw Elements in Amiskwia sagittiformis Bridge the Morphological Gap between Gnathiferans and Chaetognaths (Current Biology)
  • The tetrapod fauna of the upper Permian Naobaogou Formation of China: 3. Jiufengia jiai gen. et sp. nov., a large akidnognathid therocephalian (PeerJ)
  • A juvenile specimen of the trematopid Acheloma from Richards Spur, Oklahoma and challenges of trematopid ontogeny (Frontiers in Earth Science)
  • A new testudinoid turtle from the middle to late Eocene of Vietnam (PeerJ)
  • Tracking down the lizards from Gravenhorst’s collection at the University of Wrocław: type specimens of Callopistes maculatus Gravenhorst, 1838 and three Liolaemus species rediscovered (PeerJ)
  • The anatomy and phylogenetic position of the erythrosuchid archosauriform Guchengosuchus shiguaiensis from the earliest Middle Triassic of China (PeerJ)
  • Heterochronic shifts and conserved embryonic shape underlie crocodylian craniofacial disparity and convergence (RSOS)
  • Diversity in rhynchocephalian Clevosaurus skulls based on CT reconstruction of two Late Triassic species from Great Britain (APP)
  • Anatomy of the dinosaur Pampadromaeus barberenai (Saurischia—Sauropodomorpha) from the Late Triassic Santa Maria Formation of southern Brazil (PLOS ONE)
  • Diminutive fleet-footed tyrannosauroid narrows the 70-million-year gap in the North American fossil record (Communications Biology)
  • Lower rotational inertia and larger leg muscles indicate more rapid turns in tyrannosaurids than in other large theropods (PeerJ)
  • Correction to: ‘New theropod (Tetanurae: Avetheropoda) material from the ‘mid’-Cretaceous Griman Greek Formation at Lightning Ridge, New South Wales, Australia’ (RSOS)
  • Mitochondrial Genomes from New Zealand’s Extinct Adzebills (Aves: Aptornithidae: Aptornis) Support a Sister-Taxon Relationship with the Afro-Madagascan Sarothruridae (Diversity)
  • Phylogeny, migration and life history: filling the gaps in the origin and biogeography of the Turdus thrushes (Journal of Ornithology)
  • Dietary niche and the evolution of cranial morphology in birds (ProcB)
  • Primer estudio experimental sobre los efectos de la digestión en restos esqueléticos de murciélagos (Mammalia: Chiroptera) (Spanish J or Paleontology)
  • The Australian dingo: untamed or feral? (Frontiers in Zoology)
  • A new suoid with tubulidentate, hypselorhizic cheek teeth from the early Miocene of Córcoles, Spain (Spanish J of Paleontology)
  • Unexpected evolutionary patterns of dental ontogenetic traits in cetartiodactyl mammals (ProcB)
  • Biomechanical simulations of Leptarctus primus (Leptarctinae, Carnivora), and new evidence for a badger-like feeding capability (JVP)
  • The Still Bay and pre-Still Bay Fauna from Sibudu Cave: Taphonomic and Taxonomic Analysis of the Macromammal Remains from the Wadley Excavations (Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology)
  • Exceptionally high δ15N values in collagen single amino acids confirm Neandertals as high-trophic level carnivores (PNAS)
  • Revisiting the Foraging Ecology and Extinction History of Two Endemic Vertebrates from Tenerife, Canary Islands (Quaternary)
  • The ecomorphology of southern African rodent incisors: Potential applications to the hominin fossil record (PLOS ONE)
  • Specialized rainforest hunting by Homo sapiens ~45,000 years ago (Nature Communications)
  • The use of new web technologies for the analysis, preservation, and outreach of paleontological information and its application to La Rioja (Spain) paleontological heritage (PalaeoE)
  • Identifying and improving AGU collaborations using network analysis and scientometrics (Geoscience Comm)

Preprints/PostPrints:

  • A high-resolution, chromosome-assigned Komodo dragon genome reveals adaptations in the cardiovascular, muscular, and chemosensory systems of monitor lizards (bioRXiv)
  • The locomotor and predatory habits of unenlagiines (Theropoda, Paraves): inferences based on morphometric studies and comparisons with Laurasian dromaeosaurids (bioRXiv)
  • A late Permian ichthyofauna from the Zechstein Basin, Lithuania-Latvia Region (bioRXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • PaleoFest, March 2–3, 2019, Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford, Illinois (Link)
  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Speaker Series 2019: Fossil Fish from the Late Cretaceous of Alberta (Royal Tyrrell)
  • Speaker Series 2019: The Great Plains Short-horned Lizard in Canada (Royal Tyrrell)
  • Your Friends The Titanosaurs, part 9: “Campylodon”, Clasmodosaurus, Choconsaurus, and Daxiatitan (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • Fossil Friday – ceratopsian vertebra (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Fossil Bones Reveal New Baby Dinosaur (Laelaps)
  • A Multi-Species Nesting Assemblage in the Late Cretaceous of Europe (TetZoo)
  • Speaker Series 2019: The Origins and Evolution of Madagascar’s Modern Vertebrates (Royal Tyrrell Museum)
  • Miocene (Pt 12): American Rhinos and Horse-Headed Lopers (Synapsida)
  • Land animal diversity was stable for millions of years, before humans came along – new study (Link)

Methods and Musings:

  • Beginning at the beginning: Leibniz and the texts of deep history (Extinct)
  • I’m just bad at science (Time Scavengers)
  • How to spot palaeontological crankery (Mark Witton)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

  • ‘Quick for a palaeontologist is painfully slow on human time scales!’ (Link)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: February 15, 2019

Featured Image: Teeth associated with Mnyamawamtuka moyowamkia skeleton. From Gorscak and O’Connor (2019).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Precise U-Pb age constrains on the Ediacaran biota in Podolia, East European Platform, Ukraine (SciRep)
  • Impact of abrupt sea ice loss on Greenland water isotopes during the last glacial period (PNAS)
  • Plant leaf tooth feature extraction (PLOS ONE)
  • First record of sexual size dimorphism in fossil Strombidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda) from the Miocene of Kutch, western India and its evolutionary implications (RSOS)
  • Geometric morphometric analysis in female freshwater crabs of Sarawak (Borneo) permits addressing taxonomy-related problems (PeerJ)
  • Physicochemical investigation of shrimp fossils from the Romualdo and Ipubi formations (Araripe Basin) (PeerJ)
  • Discovery of the middle Campanian (Late Cretaceous) “Soya Fauna” ammonoids in the Hidaka area, Hokkaido, Japan (Bulletin of the Hobetsu Museum)
  • Exploring the evolution and terrestrialization of scorpions (Arachnida: Scorpiones) with rocks and clocks (Organism Diversity and Evolution)
  • Mating moths (Tineidae, Ditrysia, Lepidoptera) preserved as frozen behavior inclusion in Baltic Amber (Eocene) (PalaeoE)
  • Taxonomic validity of Petalodus ohioensis (Chondrichthyes, Petalodontidae) based on a cast of the lost holotype (Geology of the Intermountain West)
  • The Early Pliocene extinction of the mega-toothed shark Otodus megalodon: a view from the eastern North Pacific (PeerJ)
  • Distributional patterns of Aptian-Albian paleoichthyofauna of Brazil and Africa based on Track Analysis (AABC)
  • Geography of speciation affects rate of trait divergence in haemulid fishes (ProcB)
  • New microhylid frog genus from Peninsular India with Southeast Asian affinity suggests multiple Cenozoic biotic exchanges between India and Eurasia (SciRep)
  • Correction: Neuroanatomy of the Marine Jurassic Turtle Plesiochelys etalloni (Testudinata, Plesiochelyidae) (PLOS ONE)
  • A novel archosauromorph from Antarctica and an updated review of a high-latitude vertebrate assemblage in the wake of the end-Permian mass extinction (JVP)
  • Integrating gross morphology and bone histology to assess skeletal maturity in early dinosauromorphs: new insights from Dromomeron (Archosauria: Dinosauromorpha) (PeerJ)
  • A new large Pliosaurid from the Barremian (Lower Cretaceous) of Sáchica, Boyacá, Colombia (ESRJ)
  • Phylogenetic analysis of Gondwanan basal eusauropods from the Early- Middle Jurassic of Patagonia, Argentina (Spanish J0urnal of Paleontology)
  • Additional sauropod dinosaur material from the Callovian Oxford Clay Formation, Peterborough, UK: evidence for higher sauropod diversity (PeerJ)
  • The braincase of Malawisaurus dixeyi (Sauropoda: Titanosauria): A 3D reconstruction of the brain endocast and inner ear (PLOS ONE)
  • A new African Titanosaurian Sauropod Dinosaur from the middle Cretaceous Galula Formation (Mtuka Member), Rukwa Rift Basin, Southwestern Tanzania (PLOS ONE)
  • Baalsaurus mansillai gen. et sp. nov. a new titanosaurian sauropod (Late Cretaceous) from Neuquén, Patagonia, Argentina (AABC)
  • A new saurolophine hadrosaurid (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) from the Upper Cretaceous of Shandong, China (AABC)
  • A mixed vertebrate eggshell assemblage from the Transylvanian Late Cretaceous (SciRep)
  • Fossils with Feathers and Philosophy of Science (Sys Bio)
  • Life and skeletal reconstructions of a mosasaur Phosphorosaurus using a three-dimensional computer graphics (3D CG) software: a highly promising reconstruction technique for fossil vertebrates (Bulletin of the Hobetsu Museum)
  • Exquisitely-preserved, high-definition skin traces in diminutive theropod tracks from the Cretaceous of Korea (SciRep)
  • Paravian Phylogeny and the Dinosaur-Bird Transition: An Overview (Frontiers in Earth Science)
  • Cassowary casques act as thermal windows (SciRep)
  • Transitions between foot postures are associated with elevated rates of body size evolution in mammals (PNAS)
  • The Development of Integration in Marsupial and Placental Limbs (IOB)
  • A new protodidelphid (Mammalia, Marsupialia, Didelphimorphia) from the Itaboraí Basin and its implications for the evolution of the Protodidelphidae (AABC)
  • A review of the Quaternary Scelidotheriinae (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Tardigrada) from the Tarija-Padcaya basin, Bolivia (AABC)
  • Early and middle Miocene Sciuridae (Mammalia, Rodentia) from Anatolia, Turkey (JVP)
  • The narial morphology of Metarhinus and Sphenocoelus (Mammalia, Perissodactyla, Brontotheriidae) (PalaeoE)
  • Fossil cetaceans from Duinefontein (Koeberg) an early Pliocene site on the southwestern Cape, South Africa (PalaeoE)
  • A large Late Miocene cetotheriid (Cetacea, Mysticeti) from the Netherlands clarifies the status of Tranatocetidae (PeerJ)
  • Embracing heterogeneity: coalescing the Tree of Life and the future of phylogenomics (PeerJ)

Preprints/PostPrints:

  • The concept of homolology and its potential application in palaeontological phylogenetics (PaleorXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • PaleoFest, March 2–3, 2019, Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford, Illinois (Link)
  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

Funding Opportunities:

  • Jurassic Foundation Grant, Deadline February 15 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • When and why did the giant mega-toothed shark Otodus megalodon become extinct? (PeerJ Blog)
  • Prehistoric Crocodile Cousin Crushed the Bones of Its Prey Long Before T. Rex (Smithsonian)
  • Fossil Friday -crocodile skull (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Bajadasaurus: Beast of the Week (PBW)
  • Bajadasaurus pronuspinax (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • Mongolian proto-thief dinosaur had egg-crushing jaws (PLOS Paleo)
  • Spectacular Fossil Bird Foot Preserved in Amber (Laelaps)
  • Finches Before There Were Finches: Eofringillirostrum and the Diversity of Stem-Passerines (Raptormaniacs)

Methods and Musings:

  • Protecting our Paleontological Heritage on U.S. Federal Lands (PaleoSociety)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

  • How Evolutionary Biologist Emma Schachner Is Helping Explain The Rise Of The Dinosaurs (TedX)
  • Speaker Series 2019: Amateur Fossil Collector Maurice Stefanuk (1924-2016) (Royal Tyrrell Museum)
  • Episode 54 – Alfred Russell Wallace (Common Descent)
  • Jaws International (Time Scavengers)
  • Dr. Rehemat Bhatia, Foraminifera Geochemist (Time Scavengers)
  • Project Kevin Part 1: Field and Lab Work (RMDRC)

Art, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Pappochelys: Cancer in Deep Time (LITC)
  • BRONTOSMASH! in a kids’ book (SVPOW)
  • Чем на самом деле интересен Bajadasaurus pronuspinax (Alioramus altai)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: February 8, 2019

Featured Image: A new study challenges the identity of a an isolated feather from the Jurassic Solnhofen limestone. From Kaye et al. (2018).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • First fossil harvestmen (Arachnida: Opiliones) from Spain and notes on the fossil record of Opiliones (PalaeoE)
  • Tamilokus mabinia, a new, anatomically divergent genus and species of wood-boring bivalve from the Philippines (PeerJ)
  • Size, weapons, and armor as predictors of competitive outcomes in fossil and contemporary marine communities (Ecological Monographs)
  • The evolution of the axial skeleton intercentrum system in snakes revealed by new data from the Cretaceous snakes Dinilysia and Najash (Scientific Reports)
  • Ecomorphology and bone microstructure of Proterochampsia from the Chañares Formation (APP)
  • A new long-spined dinosaur from Patagonia sheds light on sauropod defense system (Scientific Reports)
  • Detection of lost calamus challenges identity of isolated Archaeopteryx feather (Scientific Reports)
  • A new baby oviraptorid dinosaur (Dinosauria: Theropoda) from the Upper Cretaceous Nemegt Formation of Mongolia (PLOS ONE)
  • Unique skull network complexity of Tyrannosaurus rex among land vertebrates (Scientific Reports)
  • Useful old casts: a comment on Hansford & Turvey (2018), ‘Unexpected diversity within the extinct elephant birds (Aves: Aepyornithidae) (RSOS)
  • Standing genetic variation as the predominant source for adaptation of a songbird (PNAS)
  • The evolution of the syrinx: An acoustic theory (PLOS ONE)
  • Oldest Finch-Beaked Birds Reveal Parallel Ecological Radiations in the Earliest Evolution of Passerines (Current Biology)
  • Estimating age‐dependent survival from age‐aggregated ringing data—extending the use of historical records (Ecology and Evolution)
  • Convergent gene losses illuminate metabolic and physiological changes in herbivores and carnivores (PNAS)
  • New records and diet reconstruction using dental microwear analysis for Neolicaphrium recens Frenguelli, 1921 (Litopterna, Proterotheriidae) (Andean Geology)
  • Climbing adaptations, locomotory disparity and ecological convergence in ancient stem ‘kangaroos’ (RSOS)
  • Recent dating of extinct Atlantic gray whale fossils, (Eschrichtius robustus), Georgia Bight and Florida, western Atlantic Ocean (PeerJ)
  • Ancient human genome-wide data from a 3000-year interval in the Caucasus corresponds with eco-geographic regions (Nature Comm)
  • kuenm: an R package for detailed development of ecological niche models using Maxent (PeerJ)
  • The R package divDyn for quantifying diversity dynamics using fossil sampling data (Methods in Ecology and Evolution)
  • Inferring species richness using multispecies occupancy modeling: Estimation performance and interpretation (Ecology and Evolution)

Preprints/PostPrints:

  • Cranial anatomy of the predatory actinopterygian Brazilichthys macrognathus from the Permian (Cisuralian) Pedra de Fogo Formation, Parnaíba Basin, Brazil (bioRXiv)
  • Timing the extant avian radiation: The rise of modern birds, and the importance of modeling molecular rate variation (PeerJ)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • PaleoFest, March 2–3, 2019, Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford, Illinois (Link)
  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

Funding Opportunities:

  • Jurassic Foundation Grant, Deadline February 15 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

Methods and Musings:

  • Data, text, and Simulation: Alisa Bokulich’s “Using Models to Correct Data: Paleodiversity and the Fossil Record.” (Extinct)
  • Learning New Methods (Time Scavengers)
  • Artificial Intelligence Can Identify Microscopic Marine Organisms (Link)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

  • Memories of a Glacier in the Connecticut River Valley (Time Scavengers)
  • Prehistoric Beast at the Academy of Natural Sciences: Part 2 (PBW)

Art, Books, Culture, Fun:


Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: February 1, 2019

Featured Image: .SR X-ray µCT renderings of dismembered foot, DIP-V-15105a. From Xing et al. (2018).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Speleothem Paleoclimatology for the Caribbean, Central America, and North America (Quaternary)
  • First description of subglacial megalineations from the late Paleozoic ice age in southern Africa (PLOS ONE)
  • Redefining the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation in Garden Park National Natural Landmark and vicinity, eastern Colorado: Geology of the Intermountain West (Geology of the Intermountain West)
  • Palaeotopography of a Palaeolithic landscape at Bestwood 1, South Africa, from ground-penetrating radar and magnetometry (South African Journal of Science)
  • Bisnorgammacerane traces predatory pressure and the persistent rise of algal ecosystems after Snowball Earth (Nature Communications)
  • Paleozoic diversification of terrestrial chitin-degrading bacterial lineages (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Effects of long-term fertilization on soil organic carbon mineralization and microbial community structure (PLOS ONE)
  • A new polyphysacean alga from the Miocene of Romania and its biomineralization (APP)
  • Diatom ecological response to deposition of the 833-850 CE White River Ash (east lobe) ashfall in a small subarctic Canadian lake (PeerJ)
  • Simultaneous detection of macroevolutionary patterns in phenotypic means and rate of change with and within phylogenetic trees including extinct species (PLOS ONE)
  • Bozorgnites nom. nov. and Crassispirellina nom. nov.: New names for the preoccupied foraminiferal genera Bozorgniella and Crassispirella (PalaeoE)
  • Upper Spathian to Bithynian (Lower to Middle Triassic) brachiopods from North Dobrogea (Romania) (RIPS)
  • Late Barremian-Early Aptian Ammonites from the Tirgan Formation, Kopet-Dagh Sedimentary Basin, NE Iran (Journal of Sciences, Islamic Republic of Iran)
  • A new genus of hawker dragonfly (Odonata: Anisoptera: Aeshnidae) from the Early Eocene Fur Formation of Denmark (Zootaxa)
  • New material of the ‘microsaur’ Llistrofus from the cave deposits of Richards Spur, Oklahoma and the paleoecology of the Hapsidopareiidae (PeerJ)
  • How many ways to make a snake? Evidence for historical contingency of the convergence of squamate reptiles (Evolution)
  • Tyrannosaurid-like osteophagy by a Triassic archosaur (Scientific Reports)
  • History and geology of the Cope’s Nipple Quarries in Garden Park, Colorado—type locality of giant sauropods in the Upper Jurassic Morrison Formation (Geology of the Intermountain West)
  • The rise of feathered dinosaurs: Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus, the oldest dinosaur with ‘feather-like’ structures (PeerJ)
  • New theropod (Tetanurae: Avetheropoda) material from the ‘mid’-Cretaceous Griman Greek Formation at Lightning Ridge, New South Wales, Australia (RSOS)
  • The molecular evolution of feathers with direct evidence from fossils (PNAS)
  • A fully feathered enantiornithine foot and wing fragment preserved in mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (Scientific Reports)
  • Morphological diversification of biomechanical traits: mustelid locomotor specializations and the macroevolution of long bone cross-sectional morphology (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Data partitioning and correction for ascertainment bias reduce the uncertainty of placental mammal divergence times inferred from the morphological clock (Ecology and Evolution)
  • Climate change not to blame for late Quaternary megafauna extinctions in Australia (Nature Communications)
  • The Pleistocene fauna of the Cape south coast revealed through ichnology at two localities (South African Journal of Science)
  • Tree rings as a proxy for seasonal precipitation variability and Early Neolithic settlement dynamics in Bavaria, Germany (PLOS ONE)
  • Limits of long-term selection against Neandertal introgression (PNAS)
  • The functional importance of human foot muscles for bipedal locomotion (PNAS)
  • Compound-specific radiocarbon dating and mitochondrial DNA analysis of the Pleistocene hominin from Salkhit Mongolia (Nature Communications)
  • Opinion: To curate the molecular past, museums need a carefully considered set of best practices (PNAS)
  • Simultaneous detection of macroevolutionary patterns in phenotypic means and rate of change with and within phylogenetic trees including extinct species (PLOS ONE)

Preprints/PostPrints:

  • Earliest-known intentionally deformed human cranial fossil from Asia and the initiation of hereditary hierarchy in the early Holocene (bioRXiv)
  • Open Science in Dinosaur Paleontology (paleorXiv)
  • Bayesian Tip-dated Phylogenetics: Topological Effects, Stratigraphic Fit and the Early Evolution of Mammals (bioRXiv)
  • The Kinzers Formation (Pennsylvania, USA): the most diverse assemblage of Cambrian Stage 4 radiodonts (paleorXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • PaleoFest, March 2–3, 2019, Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford, Illinois (Link)
  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Looks can deceive: crocodiles have evolved more than we think (Link)
  • Plesiosaurs on the rocks: the terrestrial capabilities of four-flippered marine reptiles (Mark Witton)
  • Mesozoic marine reptiles from Spitsbergen and their ecosystems (Geology Today)
  • Iguana-sized dinosaur cousin discovered in Antarctica (Link)
  • Ancient Croc Cousin Gets a New Look (Laelaps)
  • Could Evolution Ever Bring Back the Dinosaurs? (Link)
  • Long-necked dinosaurs rotated their forefeet to the side (Link)
  • Episode 53 – The Baculum (Penis Bone) (Common Descent)
  • Fossil Friday – ceratopsian vertebra (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Fossil Bird Soared above Utah’s Dinosaurs (Laelaps)
  • Small British Mammals: House Mice (Synapsida)
  • From mouse to mammoth, foot posture may explain why some mammals got so massive (Link)
  • Dating of hominin discoveries at Denisova (Link)

Methods and Musings:

  • Dinosaurs, fossils and the experts who study them have all waited for an end to the shutdown (Link)
  • New Pages: Geologic Time Scale and Classification Diagrams (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • The hyperthermals of the geological record (Letters From Gondwana)
  • This Mesozoic Month (LITC)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Book review – Sloths! A Celebration of the World’s Most Maligned Mammal (The Inquisitive Biologist)
  • Vintage Dinosaur Art: T. R. & Friends (LITC)
  • Books about dinosaurs – what am I waiting for in 2019 (Alioramus altai)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: January 25, 2019

Featured Image: First nearly complete specimen of the rare hupehsuchian Eretmorhipis carrolldongi (YAGM V 1401). From Cheng et al. (2018).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Neoproterozoic glacial origin of the Great Unconformity (PNAS)
  • The revolution of crossdating in marine palaeoecology and palaeoclimatology (Biology Letters)
  • Burgess Shale fossils shed light on the agnostid problem (ProcB)
  • Caught in the act: priapulid burrowers in early Cambrian substrates (ProcB)
  • A large cockroach from the mesosaur-bearing Konservat-Lagerstätte (Mangrullo Formation), Late Paleozoic of Uruguay (PeerJ)
  • Basal polyphagan beetles in mid-Cretaceous amber from Myanmar: biogeographic implications and long-term morphological stasis (ProcB)
  • A journey on plate tectonics sheds light on European crayfish phylogeography (Ecology and Evolution)
  • Age and pattern of the southern high-latitude continental end-Permian extinction constrained by multiproxy analysis (Nature Communications)
  • Hagfish from the Cretaceous Tethys Sea and a reconciliation of the morphological–molecular conflict in early vertebrate phylogeny (PNAS)
  • New sharks and other chondrichthyans from the latest Maastrichtian (Late Cretaceous) of North America (Journal of Paleontology)
  • Cabindachanos dartevellei gen. and sp. nov., a new chanid fish (Ostariophysi, Gonorynchiformes) from the marine Paleocene of Cabinda (Central Africa) (Geologica Belgica)
  • Environment and evolutionary history shape phylogenetic turnover in European tetrapods (Nature Communications)
  • Morphological evolution and modularity of the caecilian skull (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • The skull anatomy and cranial endocast of the pseudosuchid archosaur Prestosuchus chiniquensis from the Triassic of Brazil (APP)
  • Early Triassic marine reptile representing the oldest record of unusually small eyes in reptiles indicating non-visual prey detection (Scientific Reports)
  • Evolutionary structure and timing of major habitat shifts in Crocodylomorpha (Scientific Reports)
  • Histological evidence of trauma in tusks of southern African dicynodonts (Palaeontologia africana)
  • The oldest record of Lambeosaurinae in Europe: phylogenetic implications (Fossilia)
  • Histological study of sauropod dinosaur bones from the historic Upper Jurassic Howe Quarry (Wyoming, USA): determination of an age range for every specimen (Fossilia)
  • A turiasaurian sauropod dinosaur from the Early Cretaceous Wealden Supergroup of the United Kingdom (PeerJ)
  • Digest: Evolution of shape and leverage of bird beaks reflects feeding ecology, but not as strongly as expected (Evolution)
  • Biogeography of Korea’s top predator, the yellow-throated Marten: evolutionary history and population dynamics (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Evolutionary Tinkering of the Mandibular Canal Linked to Convergent Regression of Teeth in Placental Mammals (Current Biology)
  • Shifting faunal baselines through the Quaternary revealed by cave fossils of eastern Australia (PeerJ)
  • The Lowermost Tejo River Terrace at Foz do Enxarrique, Portugal: A Palaeoenvironmental Archive from c. 60–35 ka and Its Implications for the Last Neanderthals in Westernmost Iberia (Quaternary)
  • A Window into Africa’s Past Hydroclimates: The SISAL_v1 Database Contribution (Quaternary)
  • Hominin tracks in southern Africa: a review and an approach to identification (Paleontologica africana)
  • The functional importance of human foot muscles for bipedal locomotion (PNAS)
  • Combining legacy data with new drone and DGPS mapping to identify the provenance of Plio-Pleistocene fossils from Bolt’s Farm, Cradle of Humankind (South Africa) (PeerJ)
  • Limits of long-term selection against Neandertal introgression (PNAS)
  • Eco-evolutionary dynamics in a disturbed world: implications for the maintenance of ecological networks [version 1; referees: 2 approved (F1000 Research)

Preprints/PostPrints:

  • How macroecology affects macroevolution: the interplay between extinction intensity and trait-dependent extinction in brachiopods (bioRXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • DinoFest 2019, January 26–27, 2019, Natural History Museum of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah (Link)
  • PaleoFest, March 2–3, 2019, Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford, Illinois (Link)
  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Fossils discovered at B.C.’s Burgess Shale add branch to tree of life (Link)
  • Revising echinoderm relationships based on new fossil interpretations (Time Scavengers)
  • Idaho State University researchers help create skull of ancient scissor-toothed shark, Edestus (Link)
  • Dating Old Crocs: What Fossil Chemistry Reveals About Earth History (Science Trends)
  • Tiny-headed Triassic Reptile Hunted like a Platypus (Giant Science Lady)
  • Pachyrhinosaurus: Prehistoric Beast of the Week (PBW)
  • Your Friends The Titanosaurs, part 8: Bonitasaura, Borealosaurus, and Brasilotitan (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • Did dinosaurs have a second brain to run their back ends? (SVPOW)
  • Birds have balance organs in their butts. Why is no-one talking about this?! (SVPOW)
  • The Raptormaniacs List of Extinct Cenozoic Birds (Raptormaniacs)
  • What we know (and don’t know) about the origin of placental mammals, part II: A primer on Mesozoic eutherians, and the search for the earliest placentals (SYMPAN)
  • Basilosaurus Munched Other Ancient Whales (Laelaps)
  • Murderous Whales of the Eocene Oceans (Synapsida)
  • How pygmy whales were affected by historical climate change (PLOS Paleo)
  • Fossil Friday – fox squirrels and vampire’s disease (Valley of the Mastodon)

Methods and Musings:

  • Outnumbered and Surrounded: Women Working in Male Dominated Research Fields (Link)
  • (Somewhat late) roundup of 2018 (Archosaur Musings)
  • Will citizen science take over? (GBIF Data Blog)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

  • Cincinnati fossils come home (Link)
  • Paleontologist Mom (Field Secrets)
  • Specimen of the week 374: Hypsilophodon foxii cast (UCL)
  • Kevin Jiménez-Lara, Paleomammalogist and Paleobiogeographer (Time Scavengers)
  • State of Science: How Paleontologists Are Finding Fossils in Surprising Places (Link)

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Book review – Don’t Be Such a Scientist: Talking Substance in an Age of Style (Second Edition) (The Inquisitive Biologist)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: January 18, 2019

Featured Image: From Mangano et al. (2018).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Late Cenozoic cooling favored glacial over tectonic controls on sediment supply to the western Gulf of Mexico (Geology)
  • Testate Amoebae in the 407-Million-Year-Old Rhynie Chert (Current Biology)
  • The Jurassic fossil wood diversity from western Liaoning, NE China (J Palaeogeography)
  • Trophic niche breadth of pond zooplankton species using stable isotope analysis and the relationship with the abiotic and biotic factors (RSOS)
  • Trace fossils associated with Burgess Shale non-biomineralized carapaces: bringing taphonomic and ecological controls into focus (RSOS)
  • Late Pleistocene insects from the Dubrovino site at Ob River (West Siberia, Russia) and their paleoenvironmental significance (PalaeoE)
  • A new species of Tipula LINNAEUS, 1758 (Diptera: Tipulidae) from Green River Formation, USA (Acta zoologica cracoviensia)
  • Private parts for private property: evolution of penis size with more valuable, easily stolen shells (RSOS)
  • Neogene Caribbean elasmobranchs: diversity, paleoecology and paleoenvironmental significance of the Cocinetas Basin assemblage (Guajira Peninsula, Colombia) (Biogeosciences)
  • Ocean acidification alters morphology of all otolith types in Clark’s anemonefish (Amphiprion clarkii) (PeerJ)
  • The sinemydid turtle Ordosemys from the Lower Cretaceous Mengyin Formation of Shandong, China and its implication for the age of the Luohandong Formation of the Ordos Basin (PeerJ)
  • Variation in Morphology and Kinematics Underlies Variation in Swimming Stability and Turning Performance in Freshwater Turtles (IOB)
  • Microstructure of scales in selected lizard species (Saudi J Biol Sci)
  • Cranial osteology of Beipiaosaurus inexpectus (Theropoda: Therizinosauria) (Vertebrata PalAsiatica)
  • Access to Geosciences – Ways and Means to share and publish collection data (RIO)

Preprints/PostPrints:

  • Comparative biomechanical analysis demonstrates functional convergence between slender-snouted crocodilians and phytosaurs (PeerJ)
  • Trait-based modelling in ecology: lessons from two decades of research (PeerJ)
  • Inferring lifestyle for Aves and Theropoda: a model based on curvatures of extant avian ungual bones (bioRXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • DinoFest 2019, January 26–27, 2019, Natural History Museum of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah (Link)
  • PaleoFest, March 2–3, 2019, Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford, Illinois (Link)
  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

Journal Updates:

  • PeerJ to award excellent science in genomics, biochemistry, bioinformatics, paleontology, microbiology and ecology (PeerJ)
  • Journal of Systematic Palaeontology Editorial (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • How Blood Evolved (Many Time) (PBS Eons)
  • FAU palaeontologists demonstrate that coralline red algae have existed for 300 million years longer than previously presumed (Link)
  • Bumps and lumps: a primer on temnospondyl ornamentation (TemnoTalk)
  • Macrocollum: Prehistoric Beast of the Week (PBW)
  • Pregnant Plesiosaurs and Baby Bones: Bone histology reveals ontogeny in polycotylid plesiosaurs (PLOS Paleo)
  • Episode 52 – Sounds of the Past (Fossil Bioacoustics) (Common Descent)
  • Fossil Friday – Zygolophodon tooth (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • When Humans Were Prey (PBS Eons)

Methods and Musings:

  • Dinosaurs: A Catalyst For Critical Thought (Link)
  • Paleontologist Encourages Critical Thinking on Dinosaurs to Make Better Citizens (Link)
  • AuthorAID – What is open science and why is it important? (GTV)
  • A new venue (Archosaur Musings)
  • Crystal Ball for 2019 (Equatorial Minnesota)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

  • Prehistoric Beast at the Academy of Natural Sciences (PBW)
  • Making The Third Planet (Extinct Monsters)

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Vintage Dinosaur Art: Digging for Dinosaurs (LITC)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Fossil Friday Roundup: January 11, 2019

Featured Image:Hoplitaspis hiawathai, From Lamsdell et al. (2019).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • A 900-year New England temperature reconstruction from in situ seasonally produced branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers (brGDGTs) (Climate of the Past)
  • Correlation of the Jurassic/Cretaceous boundary sequences in the sections of West Srednogorie, Bulgaria, based on micro- and macrofossil data and sea level changes (Bulgarian Geol. Soc.)
  • Exceptionally well-preserved Early Cretaceous leaves of Nilssoniopteris from central Mongolia (Acta Palaeobotanica)
  • Bioclimatic modeling in the Last Glacial Maximum, Mid-Holocene and facing future climatic changes in the strawberry tree (Arbutus unedo L.) (PLOS ONE)
  • New species of osmundaceous fertile leaves from the upper Triassic of Argentina (Acta Palaeobotanica)
  • New records of Tyronia (Gastropoda, Cochliopidae) from the Mio-Pliocens Solimões Formation (RBP)
  • Inferring ancestral range reconstruction based on trilobite records: a study-case on Metacryphaeus (Phacopida, Calmoniidae) (Scientific Reports)
  • A common arthropod from the Late Ordovician Big Hill Lagerstätte (Michigan) reveals an unexpected ecological diversity within Chasmataspidida (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • New fossil representative of the genus Helius (Diptera, Limoniidae) from the little known and newly discovered locality Caergen Village of northeastern Tibetan Plateau (China) (PalaeoE)
  • “Palaeoentomology”: A modern journal for a science dealing with the past (Palaeoentomology)
  • A new species of the extinct family Procercopidae (Hemiptera: Cercopoidea) from the Jurassic of northeastern China (Palaeoentomology)
  • Live fast, diversify non-adaptively: evolutionary diversification of exceptionally short-lived annual killifishes (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • On a remarkable new species of Tharsis, a Late Jurassic teleostean fish from southern Germany: its morphology and phylogenetic relationships (Fossil Record)
  • Extreme and rapid bursts of functional adaptations shape bite force in amniotes (ProcB)
  • Influence of substrate types and morphological traits on movement behavior in a toad and newt species (PeerJ)
  • Phylogeny of Paleozoic limbed vertebrates reassessed through revision and expansion of the largest published relevant data matrix (PeerJ)
  • Biesiespoort revisited: a case study on the relationship between tetrapod assemblage zones and Beaufort lithostratigraphy south of Victoria West (Paleontological africana)
  • Lithophagy Prolongs Voluntary Dives in American alligators (Alligator mississippiensis) (IOB)
  • Rib Motions Don’t Completely Hinge on Joint Design: Costal Joint Anatomy and Ventilatory Kinematics in a Teiid Lizard, Salvator merianae (IOB)
  • Things are not always as they seem: High-resolution X-ray CT scanning reveals
    the first resin-embedded miniature gecko of the genus Ebenavia (Bonn Zool. Bull.)
  • Pectoral myology of limb-reduced worm lizards (Squamata, Amphisbaenia) suggests decoupling of the musculoskeletal system during the evolution of body elongation (BMC Evol Biol)
  • Descriptive anatomy of the largest known specimen of Protoichthyosaurus prostaxalis (Reptilia: Ichthyosauria) including computed tomography and digital reconstruction of a three-dimensional skull (PeerJ)
  • Congenital and late onset vertebral fusions in long necked plesiosaurs: The first report of spondylosis deformans in Sauropterygians (PalaeoE)
  • Late Cretaceous dinosaur remains and other tetrapod fauna from the vicinity of Tran town (Western Srednogorie) (Review of the Bulgarian Geological Society)
  • An Inventory of non-avian dinosaurs from National Park Service areas (NMMNHS Bulletin)
  • New type of dinosaur eggs from Yiwu, Zhejiang Province, China and a revision of Dongyangoolithus nanmaensis (Vertebrata PalAsiatica)
  • The first Stalicoolithus shifengensis discovered in a clutch from the Sanshui Basin, Guangdong Province (Vertebrata PalAsiatica)
  • A sauropod-dominated tracksite from Rubha nam Brathairean (Brothers’ Point), Isle of Skye, Scotland (Scottish J Geol.)
  • A new zygodactylid species indicates the persistence of stem passerines into the early Oligocene in North America (BMC Evol. Biol.)
  • First record of a macroraptorial sperm whale (Cetacea, Physeteroidea) from the Miocene of Argentina (RBP)
  • Stomach contents of the archaeocete Basilosaurus isis: Apex predator in oceans of the late Eocene (PLOS ONE)
  • Carnivoran hunting style and phylogeny reflected in bony labyrinth morphometry (Scientific Reports)
  • Development and applications of paleontological computed tomography (Vertebrata PalAsiatica)

Preprints/PostPrints:

  • Speciation rates of subviral pathogens of angiosperms abruptly decreased at the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary (PeerJ)
  • A biologically driven directional change in susceptibility to global-scale glaciation during the Precambrian-Cambrian transition (bioRXiv)
  • Ecological causes of uneven diversification and richness in the mammal tree of life (bioRXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • DinoFest 2019, January 26–27, 2019, Natural History Museum of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah (Link)
  • PaleoFest, March 2–3, 2019, Burpee Museum of Natural History, Rockford, Illinois (Link)
  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • New (Extinct) Maniraptors of 2018 (Raptormaniacs)
  • The Dinosaur Who Went out to Sea (Laelaps)
  • Fossil Friday – hadrosaur metatarsal (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Things to Make and Do, Part 25b: what to do with your bird vertebrae (SVPOW)
  • Ancient killer whale snacked on fish, sharks, and…other whales (PLOS Paleo)

Methods and Musings:

  • Triassic Park is Temporarily Closed: What Happens at Petrified Forest During a Government Shutdown (Chinleana)
  • Skype a Scientist (Time Scavengers)
  • SYMPAN Christmas Cards 2017 & 2018 – What we know (and don’t know) about the origin of placental mammals, part I: A brief history of placental systematics (Sympan)
  • Name game (TemnoTalk)

Featured Folks and Fieldwork:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

  • Book review – Lamarck’s Revenge: How Epigenetics Is Revolutionizing Our Understanding of Evolution’s Past and Present (This Inquisitive Biologist)

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at paleocommunity@plos.org, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

 

Fossil Friday Roundup: January 4, 2019

Featured Image: Lungfish tooth plate, Ballagadus caustrimi 2017.2.67. From Clack et al. (2018).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • An endemic flora of dispersed spores from the Middle Devonian of Iberia (Papers in Paleontology)
  • Quantitative Late Quaternary Climate Reconstruction from Plant Macrofossil Communities in Western North America (Open Quaternary)
  • The phylum Vertebrata: a case for zoological recognition (Zoological Letters)
  • Actinopterygians of the Permian locality Buxieres-Les-Mines (Bourbon-L’archambault Basin, France) and their relationship to other early actinopterygians (Fossil Imprint)
  • A Tournaisian (earliest Carboniferous) conglomerate-preserved non-marine faunal assemblage and its environmental and sedimentological context (PeerJ)
  • Testing the devil’s impact on southern Baltic and North Sea basins whitefish (Coregonus spp.) diversity (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Otolith microchemistry and diadromy in Patagonian river fishes (PeerJ)
  • The role of Central American barriers in shaping the evolutionary history of the northernmost glassfrog, Hyalinobatrachium fleischmanni (Anura: Centrolenidae) (PeerJ)
  • Insights into cranial morphology and intraspecific variation from a new subadult specimen of the pan-cheloniid turtle Euclastes wielandi Hay, 1908 (PaleoBios)
  • The existence and evolution of morphotypes in Anolis lizards: coexistence patterns, not adaptive radiations, distinguish mainland and island faunas (PeerJ)
  • Ontogeny of Polycotylid Long Bone Microanatomy and Histology (Integrative Organismal Biology)
  • Phenological analysis of the last glacial vertebrates from the territory of Moravia (The Czech Republic) – Continuity and change in faunistic communities (Fossil Imprint)
  • A reassessment of Prionogale and Namasector (Prionogalidae, Hyaenodonta, Mammalia) with descriptions of new fossils from Napak, Uganda and Koru, Kenya (Communications of the Geological Survey of Namibia)
  • Chlorocyon phantasma, a late Eocene borhyaenoid (Mammalia, Metatheria, Sparassodonta) from the Los Helados locality, Andean Main Range, central Chile. (American Museum novitates)
  • External brain morphology of juvenile cave hyena (Crocuta crocuta spelaea) from the Jasovská jaskyňa Cave (Slovakia) revealed by X-ray computed tomography (Acta Geologica Slovaca)
  • Evidence of congenital block vertebra in Pleistocene Cave Bear (Ursus spelaeus) from Cueva de Guantes (Palencia, Spain) (International Journal of Paleopathology)
  • Paradise lost: Evidence for a devastating metabolic bone disease in an insular Pleistocene deer (International Journal of Paleopathology)
  • The pay-off of hypsodonty – timing and dynamics of crown growth and wear in molars of Soay sheep (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • The skull of young Mammuthus trogontherii (Pohlig, 1885) from the early Middle Pleistocene of the north-eastern Sea of Azov Region (Russian Journal of Theriology)
  • A new elephantoid dental specimen from the Miocene of Kruševac Basin in Central Serbia (Geološki anali Balkanskoga poluostrva)
  • Tracing long-term demographic changes: The issue of spatial scales (PLOS ONE)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

 Meetings:

  • Western Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists, March 15–17, 2019, University of Oregon (Link)
  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30-June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Episode 96: Decapods (Palaeocast)
  • Prehistoric Shark May Have Caught a Dinner on the Wing (Laelaps)
  • Why Megalodon (Definitely) Went Extinct (PBS Eons)
  • The World of Temnospondyls (TemnoTalk)
  • Extinction and the Rise of Dinosaurs – What Will the Microvertebrates Tell Us? (Chinleana)
  • Episode 51 – Mosasaurs (Common Descent)
  • Extinction and the Rise of the Dinosaurs (Laelaps)
  • The Open Access Dinosaurs of 2018 (PLOS Paleo)
  • The Dinosaur Who Went out to Sea (Laelaps)
  • Fossil Friday – grasshopper mouse (Valley of the Mastodon)

Methods and Musings:

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:


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