Fossil Friday Roundup: February 16, 2018

Featured Image: reconstruction of Limulus polyphemus in dorsal and ventral view. From Bicknell et al. (2017), CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Syn-sedimentary tectonics and facies analysis in a rift setting: Cretaceous Dalmiapuram Formation, Cauvery Basin, SE India (Journal of Palaeogeography)
  • UV-B–induced forest sterility: Implications of ozone shield failure in Earth’s largest extinction (Science Advances)
  • Diatom ooze: Crucial for the generation of submarine mega-slides? (Geology)
  • Palaeobiology of orthothecide hyoliths from the Cambrian Manto Formation of Hebei Province, North China (APP)
  • A new Mississippian hexactinellid sponge from the western Gondwana: Taxonomic and paleobiogeographic implications (APP)
  • The oldest post-Paleozoic (Ladinian, Triassic) brachiopods from the Betic Range, SE Spain (APP)
  • Cold-seep ostracods from the western Svalbard margin: direct palaeo-indicator for methane seepage?  (Journal of Micropalaeontology)
  • A Secret Hidden in the Sediments: Lepidoptera Scales (Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution)
  • Genus-level phylogeny of cephalopods using molecular markers: current status and problematic areas (PeerJ)
  • A new high-resolution 3-D quantitative method for analysing small morphological features: an example using a Cambrian trilobite (Scientific Reports)
  • A 3D anatomical atlas of appendage musculature in the chelicerate arthropod Limulus polyphemus (PLOS ONE)
  • The neural crest and evolution of the head/trunk interface in vertebrates (Developmental Biology)
  • The Ancient Origins of Neural Substrates for Land Walking (Cell)
  • Electroreception in early vertebrates: survey, evidence and new information (Palaeontology)
  • A new slider turtle (Testudines: Emydidae: Deirochelyinae: Trachemys) from the late Hemphillian (late Miocene/early Pliocene) of eastern Tennessee and the evolution of the deirochelyines (PeerJ)
  • First records of diapsid Palacrodon from the Norian, Late Triassic Chinle Formation of Arizona, and their biogeographic implications (APP)
  • The axial skeleton of Poposaurus langstoni (Pseudosuchia: Poposauroidea) and its implications for accessory intervertebral articulation evolution in pseudosuchian archosaurs (PeerJ)
  • Under the armor: X-ray computed tomographic reconstruction of the internal skeleton of Coahomasuchus chathamensis (Archosauria: Aetosauria) from the Upper Triassic of North Carolina, USA, and a phylogenetic analysis of Aetosauria (PeerJ)
  • Morphological and Phylogenetic Study Based on
    New Materials of Anchiornis huxleyi (Dinosauria, Theropoda) from Jianchang, Western Liaoning, China (Acta Geologica Sinica)
  • Review of the Dinosaur Remains from the Middle Jurassic of Scotland, UK (Geosciences)
  • A ‘bloat-and-float’ taphonomic model best explains the upside-down preservation of ankylosaurs (P3)
  • The biogeography and ecology of the Cretaceous non-avian dinosaurs of Appalachia (PalaeoE)
  • Fossil Assemblage and Survival Timing of Jehol Biota in the Longjiang Basin,Middle of Da Hinggan Mountains: New Evidence fromBiostratigraphy and Chronostratigraphy (Acta Geologica Sinica)
  • A revision of Philander (Marsupialia, Didelphidae). Part 1, P. quica, P. canus, and a new species from Amazonia. (American Museum novitates, no. 3891) (American Museum Novitates)
  • Two new megalonychid sloths (Mammalia: Xenarthra) from the Urumaco Formation (late Miocene), and their phylogenetic affinities (Journal of Systematic Palaeontology)
  • Structure-function covariation with nonfeeding ecological variables influences evolution of feeding specialization in Carnivora (Science Advances)
  • Primate modularity and evolution: first anatomical network analysis of primate head and neck musculoskeletal system (Scientific Reports)
  • Current and potential roles of archaeology in the development of cultural evolutionary theory (Philos Trans B)
  • Frequency and developmental timing of linear enamel hypoplasia defects in Early Archaic Texan hunter-gatherers (PeerJ)
  • Dynamics of starvation and recovery predict extinction risk and both Damuth’s law and Cope’s rule (Nature Communications)
  • Comparison of complex networks and tree-based methods of phylogenetic analysis and proposal of a bootstrap method (PeerJ)
  • The state of OA: a large-scale analysis of the prevalence and impact of Open Access articles (PeerJ)

Pre-Prints and Post-Prints:

  • Mapping marine species richness and endemicity at global scales (PeerJ)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:


  • Burpee PaleoFest, March 3-4, 2018 (Link)
  • Lyell Meeting 2018: Mass extinctions – understanding the world’s worst crises (Link)
  • Trekking Across the GOBE: From the Cambrian through the Katian, IGCP 653 Annual Meeting, June 3-7, 2018, Athens, Ohio, USA (Link)
  • 5th International Palaeontological Congress (IPC5), July 9–13, 2018, France (Link)
  • Flugsaurier 2018 Circular, August 10–14, 2018, Los Angeles (Link)
  • 78th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (SVP), October 17–20, 2018, Albuquerque, New Mexico (Link)
  • 2018 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, November 4–7, 2018, Indianapolis, Indiana (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)


  • Nominations For A Student Representative To Council, deadline February 21, 2018 (Paleo Society)
  • Paleontological Society to Sponsor Summer Policy Intern at AGI, Application deadline March 1, 2018 (Paleo Society)
  • The AWG Undergraduate Excellence in Paleontology Award, deadline April 15, 2018 (PaleoSociety)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

Museums, Methods, and Musings:

  • What lies ahead for paleontology in 2018? (Old Bones)
  • Volcanism, The Chicxulub Impact, and the K-Pg Event (Letters from Gondwana)
  • NASA and the Lower Cretaceous (Dr. Neurosaurus)
  • Green open-access does NOT mean delayed or non-commercial (SVPOW)
  • What a fossil revolution reveals about the history of ‘big data’ (Link)
  • Predators, Dreams, and Extinctions (Chasing Sabretooths)

Featured Folks and Fieldwork:

Art, books, culture, and fun:

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.



Published by Sarah Z. Gibson

Dr. Sarah Z. Gibson is a paleontologist and science communicator based in Minnesota. Her research focuses on the evolutionary history of ray-finned fishes from the Early Mesozoic.

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