Fossil Friday Roundup: May 31, 2019

Featured Image: Fossilized school of fish. From Mizumoto et al. (2019).

Papers (All Open Access):

  • The Effect of Fossil Sampling on the Estimation of Divergence Times With The Fossilised Birth Death Process (Systematic Biology)
  • Swapping Birth and Death: Symmetries and Transformations in Phylodynamic Models (Systematic Biology)
  • An overview of Open Access publishing in palaeontology (PalaeoE)
  • A new species of Cacomorphocerus Schaufuss, 1892 (Coleoptera: Cantharidae) from Baltic amber with a key to known species (PalaeoE)
  • Increasing species sampling in chelicerate genomic-scale datasets provides support for monophyly of Acari and Arachnida (Nature Comm)
  • A reappraisal of the Silurian galeaspids (stem-Gnathostomata) from Tarim Basin, Xinjiang (Link)
  • Inferring collective behaviour from a fossilized fish shoal (ProcB)
  • Macroevolution of arboreality in salamanders (Ecology and Evolution)
  • Examining the relationship between sexual dimorphism in skin anatomy and body size in the white-lipped treefrog, Litoria infrafrenata (Anura: Hylidae) (ZJLS)
  • 3d Casts From Natural Molds: A Case Study In Fossil Frogs (Link)
  • Two new basal coelurosaurian theropod dinosaurs from the Lower Cretaceous Sao Khua Formation of Thailand (APP)
  • Author Correction: Exquisitely-preserved, high-definition skin traces in diminutive theropod tracks from the Cretaceous of Korea (SciRep)
  • Hoatzin nestling locomotion: Acquisition of quadrupedal limb coordination in birds (ScienceAdvances)
  • A new record of a giant neoepiblemid rodent from Peruvian Amazonia and an overview of lower tooth dental homologies among chinchilloids (APP)
  • Tracing the history of LINE and SINE extinction in sigmodontine rodents (Mobile DNA)
  • Evolutionary shifts in extant mustelid (Mustelidae: Carnivora) cranial shape, body size and body shape coincide with the Mid-Miocene Climate Transition (Biology Letters)
  • 3D Photogrammetry of Bat Skulls: Perspectives for Macro-evolutionary Analyses (Evolutionary Biology)
  • A large hyaenodont from the Lutetian of Switzerland expands the body mass range of the European mammalian predators during the Eocene (APP)
  • Evolution of Early Equus in Italy, Georgia, the Indian Subcontinent, East Africa, and the Origins of African Zebras (Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution)
  • Dinohippus mexicanus (Early-Late, Late, and Latest Hemphillian) and the Transition to Genus Equus, in Central Mexico Faunas (Frontiers in Earth Science)
  • Mystacodon selenensis, the earliest known toothed mysticete (Cetacea, Mammalia) from the late Eocene of Peru: anatomy, phylogeny, and feeding adaptations (Geodiversitas)
  • Chimpanzee extractive foraging with excavating tools: Experimental modeling of the origins of human technology (PLOS ONE)
  • A comparison of hominin teeth from Lincoln Cave, Sterkfontein L/63, and the Dinaledi Chamber, South Africa (SAJS)
  • Developmental stress in South African hominins: Comparison of recurrent enamel hypoplasias in Australopithecus africanus and Homo naledi (SAJS)
  • Metatarsophalangeal proportions of Homo naledi (SAJS)
  • Sexual dimorphism in Homo erectus inferred from 1.5 Ma footprints near Ileret, Kenya (SciRep)
  • Heading north: Late Pleistocene environments and human dispersals in central and eastern Asia (PLOS ONE)
  • Living on the edge: Was demographic weakness the cause of Neanderthal demise? (PLOS ONE)
  • The historical archive of the Palaeontological Collection Of Tübingen, Germany (PalaeoE)


  • Primer registro del género Panochthus Burmeister 1886 (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Glyptodontidae) para la provincia de Salta, Argentina (PaleorXiv)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources: 


  • 11th Conference on Fossil Resources, Casper, Wyoming, May 30–June 2, 2019 (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)
  • Judith River Symposium (Great Plains Dinosaur Museum), Malta, Montana, June 28–30 (Link)
  • Cretaceous & Beyond: Paleo of Western Interior (Dickinson Museum), Dickinson, North Dakota, September 14–17 (Link)

Society Updates:

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • Mega-raptors were top predators in Thailand 100 million years ago (PLOS Paleo)
  • Run Like a Dinosaur (Laelaps)
  • The science of the Crystal Palace Dinosaurs, part 3: Megalosaurus, Hylaeosaurus and Iguanodon (Mark Witton)
  • A Look at Prosauropods: The Forgotten Dinosaurs (Palaeocast)
  • Your Friends The Titanosaurs, part 12: Futalognkosaurus, Gondwanatitan, and Hypselosaurus (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • The History of Climate Cycles (and the Woolly Rhino) Explained (PBS Eons)
  • Fossil Jaws Are a Sign of When Mammals Bounced Back (Laelaps)

Featured Folks, Fieldwork, and Museums:

  • The ‘Nation’s T. Rex’ Prepares to Make Its Smithsonian Debut (Smithsonian)
  • I’m Making a TV Show!! (Brain Scoop)
  • Fossil Collecting at Caesar’s Creek Spillway (Time Scavengers)
  • Johanna M. Resig Fellowship: Honoring a Wonderful Foraminiferal Researcher (Time Scavengers)

Methods and Musings:

  • Troubled treasure (Link)
  • New study: An overview of Open Access publishing in palaeontology (GTV)
  • Death by Falling Rocks and Trees (TetZoo)

Arts, Books, Culture, Fun:

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Published by Sarah Z. Gibson

Dr. Sarah Z. Gibson is a paleontologist and science communicator based in Minnesota. Her research focuses on the evolutionary history of ray-finned fishes from the Early Mesozoic.

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