Fossil Friday Roundup: May 25, 2018

Featured Image:  A range of ways to present 3D data on a theropod track. From Falkingham et al. (2018). CC-BY.

Papers (All Open Access):

  • A standard protocol for documenting modern and fossil ichnological data (Frontiers in Palaeontology)
  • Abrupt global-ocean anoxia during the Late Ordovician–early Silurian detected using uranium isotopes of marine carbonates (PNAS)
  • Homeosis in a scorpion supports a telopodal origin of pectines and components of the book lungs (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • Darriwilian (Middle Ordovician) chemostratigraphy linked to graptolite, conodont and trilobite biostratigraphy in the Fågelsång-3 drill core, Scania, Sweden (GFF)
  • New observations on the anatomy and paleobiology of the Eocene requiem shark †Eogaleus bolcensis (Carcharhiniformes, Carcharhinidae) from Bolca Lagerstätte, Italy (Comptes Rendus Palevol)
  • New ischnacanthiform jaw bones from the Lower Devonian of Podolia, Ukraine (APP)
  • An endangered new species of seasonal killifish of the genus Austrolebias (Cyprinodontiformes: Aplocheiloidei) from the Bermejo river basin in the Western Chacoan Region (PLOS ONE)
  • Evaluating the predicted extinction risk of living amphibian species with the fossil record (Ecology Letters)
  • Non-uniform evolutionary response of gecko eye size to changes in diel activity patterns (Biology Letters)
  • Convergence in reduced body size, head size, and blood glucose in three island reptiles (Ecology and Evolution)
  • Fingerprinting snakes: paleontological and paleoecological implications of zygantral growth rings in Serpentes (PeerJ)
  • Comments on Triassic pterosaurs with a commentary on the “ontogenetic stages” of Kellner (2015) and the validity of Bergamodactylus wildi (RIPS)
  • Assemblage-level structure in Morrison Formation dinosaurs, Western Interior, USA (Geology of the Intermountain West)
  • Positional Variation in Pedal Unguals of North American Ornithomimids (Dinosauria, Theropoda): A Response to Brownstein (2017) (VAMP)
  • Reconstruction of the diapsid ancestral genome permits chromosome evolution tracing in avian and non-avian dinosaurs (Nature Communications)
  • Fossilized skin reveals coevolution with feathers and metabolism in feathered dinosaurs and early birds (Nature Communications)
  • Scaling of avian bipedal locomotion reveals independent effects of body mass and leg posture on gait (Journal of Experimental Biology)
  • Early Evolution of Modern Birds Structured by Global Forest Collapse at the End-Cretaceous Mass Extinction (Current Biology)
  • The Konservat-Lagerstätte Menat (Paleocene; France) – an overview and new insights (Geologica Acta)
  • Exceptional coprolite association from the Early Cretaceous continental Lagerstätte of Las Hoyas, Cuenca, Spain (PLOS ONE)
  • Chitinase genes (CHIAs) provide genomic footprints of a post-Cretaceous dietary radiation in placental mammals (Science Advances)
  • Enamel ultrastructure of molars in †Anomalomys gaillardi and some spalacid taxa (Rodentia, Mammalia) (PalaeoE)
  • Systematic review of Neocavia from the Neogene of Argentina: Phylogenetic and evolutionary implications (APP)
  • Trabecular architecture in the sciuromorph femoral head: allometry and functional adaptation (Zoological Letters)
  • New Material and Revision of the Carnivora, Mammalia from the Lower Pleistocene Locality Apollonia 1, Greece (Quaternary)
  • Three new procyonids (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Blancan of Florida (Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History)
  • First bone-cracking dog coprolites provide new insight into bone consumption in Borophagus and their unique ecological niche (eLife)
  • The bony labyrinth of toothed whales reflects both phylogeny and habitat preferences (Scientific Reports)
  • Resolving the phylogenetic position of Darwin’s extinct ground sloth (Mylodon darwinii) using mitogenomic and nuclear exon data (ProcB)
  • Large mammal burrows in late Miocene calcic paleosols from central Argentina: paleoenvironment, taphonomy and producers (PeerJ)
  • Mapping the expansion of coyotes (Canis latrans) across North and Central America (Zookeys)
  • The first direct ESR analysis of a hominin tooth from Atapuerca Gran Dolina TD-6 (Spain) supports the antiquity of Homo antecessor (Quaternary Geochronology)
  • Evidence that metallic proxies are unsuitable for assessing the mechanics of microwear formation and a new theory of the meaning of microwear (RSOS)

Pre-Prints and Post-Prints:

  • The palate and choanae structure of the cf. Susisuchus (Crocodyliformes, Eusuchia): phylogenetic implications (PeerJ)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:


  • Trekking Across the GOBE: From the Cambrian through the Katian, IGCP 653 Annual Meeting, June 3-7, 2018, Athens, Ohio, USA (Link)
  • European Association of Vertebrate Paleontologists Annual Meeting, Caprica, June 26–July 1, 2018 (Link)
  • 5th International Palaeontological Congress (IPC5), July 9–13, 2018, France (Link)
  • 78th Annual Meeting, Society of Vertebrate Paleontology (SVP), October 17–20, 2018, Albuquerque, New Mexico (Link)
  • 2018 Geological Society of America Annual Meeting, November 4–7, 2018, Indianapolis, Indiana (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • The Other “Dwarf” Tyrants (Winding Road to Paleontology)
  • Fossil Friday – Triceratops Teeth (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Sauropod neural canals are weird, part 1c: unfused Giraffatitan dorsal (SVPOW)
  • Episode 91: Dinosaurs of Appalachia (Palaeocast)
  • A Tiny Reason for Big Dinosaurs to Gather Together (Laelaps)
  • A Collage of Cretaceous Coprolites (PLOS Paleo)
  • How much poop did Argentinosaurus produce in a day? (SVPOW)
  • Some recent stuff on birds… (Matthew Baron)
  • Of Yellowhammer and Corn Bunting (Tetrapod Zoology)
  • Why you should care about this 130-million-year-old fossil (Link)
  • The Pig Family: The World’s Largest and Smallest Pigs (Synapsida)
  • Is This Going to Be a Stand-Up Fight, Sir, or Another Sloth Hunt? (Laelaps)

Methods and Musings:

Museums, Folks and Fieldwork:

Art, Books, Culture, Fun:


Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook.

Published by Sarah Z. Gibson

Dr. Sarah Z. Gibson is a paleontologist and science communicator based in Minnesota. Her research focuses on the evolutionary history of ray-finned fishes from the Early Mesozoic.

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