Fossil Friday Roundup: October 27, 2017

Featured Image: Reconstruction of Sinosauropteryx. From Smithwick et al. (2017). CC-BY.

You can choose who deserves the honor of being among the Top 10 Open Access Fossil Taxa of 2017! Vote here!

Papers (All Open Access):

  • Foraminifera biostratigraphy and paleoenvironment of Well 5, OML 34, Niger Delta, Nigeria (PalaeoE)
  • Pteropoda (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Thecosomata) from the Eocene/Oligocene boundary interval of three cored boreholes in southern coastal Tanzania and their response to the global cooling event (PalaeoE)
  • The earliest cornulitid on the internal surface of the illaenid pygidium from the Middle Ordovician of Estonia (EJEE)
  • Prey preference follows phylogeny: evolutionary dietary patterns within the marine gastropod group Cladobranchia (Gastropoda: Heterobranchia: Nudibranchia) (BMC Evolutionary Biology)
  • The comparison of molecular and morphology-based phylogenies of trichaline net-winged beetles (Coleoptera: Lycidae: Metriorrhynchini) with description of a new subgenus (PeerJ)
  • Species–specific crab predation on the hydrozoan clinging jellyfish Gonionemus sp. (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa), subsequent crab mortality, and possible ecological consequences (PeerJ)
  • Unravelling the ontogeny of a Devonian early gnathostome, the “acanthodian” Triazeugacanthus affinis (eastern Canada) (PeerJ)
  • A new species of Saurichthys from the Middle Triassic (Anisian) of southwestern China (IVPP)
  • Discovery of chemosynthesis-based association on the Cretaceous basal leatherback sea turtle from Japan (APP)
  • Ancient divergence time estimates in Eutropis rugifera support the existence of Pleistocene barriers on the exposed Sunda Shelf (PeerJ)
  • Discovery of the first ichthyosaur from the Jurassic of India: Implications for Gondwanan palaeobiogeography (PLOS ONE)
  • Palaeobiology of red and white blood cell-like structures, collagen and cholesterol in an ichthyosaur bone (Scientific Reports)
  • Multiple optimality criteria support Ornithoscelida (RSOS)
  • The oldest record of Alvarezsauridae (Dinosauria: Theropoda) in the Northern Hemisphere (PLOS ONE)
  • Cope’s rule and the adaptive landscape of dinosaur body size evolution (Palaeontology)
  • Correlative microscopy of the constituents of a dinosaur rib fossil and hosting mudstone: Implications on diagenesis and fossil preservation (PLOS ONE)
  • Countershading and Stripes in the Theropod Dinosaur Sinosauropteryx Reveal Heterogeneous Habitats in the Early Cretaceous Jehol Biota (Current Biology)
  • Extreme tooth enlargement in a new Late Cretaceous rhabdodontid dinosaur from Southern France (Scientific Reports)
  • A Catalog of Zalmoxes (Dinosauria: Ornithopoda) Specimens from the Upper Cretaceous Nălaţ-Vad Locality, Haţeg Basin, Romania (AMNH Novitates)
  • The first megatheropod tracks from the Lower Jurassic upper Elliot Formation, Karoo Basin, Lesotho (PLOS ONE)
  • On the lack of a universal pattern associated with mammalian domestication: differences in skull growth trajectories across phylogeny (RSOS)
  • Overcoming sampling issues in dental tribology: Insights from an experimentation on sheep (PalaeoE)
  • Body-size structure of Central Iberian mammal fauna reveals semidesertic conditions during the middle Miocene Global Cooling Event (PLOS ONE)
  • Reassessing the environmental context of the Aitape Skull – The oldest tsunami victim in the world? (PLOS ONE)
  • External auditory exostoses and hearing loss in the Shanidar 1 Neandertal (PLOS ONE)
  • Early Levallois and the beginning of the Middle Paleolithic in central Italy (PLOS ONE)
  • Self-domestication in Homo sapiens: Insights from comparative genomics (PLOS ONE)
  • Correction: The lithic assemblages of Donggutuo, Nihewan basin: Knapping skills of Early Pleistocene hominins in North China (PLOS ONE)
  • Inferring microevolution from museum collections and resampling: lessons learned from Cepaea (PeerJ)
  • Estimating Age-dependent Extinction: Contrasting Evidence from Fossils and Phylogenies (SysBio)
  • Energy retrofit of historic buildings in the Mediterranean area: the case of the Palaeontology Museum of Naples (Energy Procedia)

Community Events, Society Updates, and Resources:

  • Vote for the Top 10 Taxa of 2017, deadline November 15 (PLOS Paleo)
  • A history of life on Earth: A masterclass on evolution with experts from the Natural History Museum, November 19, 2017 (Link)
  • The Science Ambassador Scholarship for female undergraduate and high school seniors, Deadline December 11, 2017 (Link)
  • Trekking Across the GOBE: From the Cambrian through the Katian, IGCP 653 Annual Meeting, June 3-7, 2018, Athens, Ohio, USA (Link)
  • North American Paleontological Convention June 23–27 2019 (Link)

News and Views:

Animals and Anatomy:

  • World’s oldest and most complex trees (Link)
  • Mongolian microfossils point to the rise of animals on Earth (Link)
  • Sunday morning Decorah fossils (Equatorial Minnesota)
  • Trilobites Had Guts (Laelaps)
  • Mollusc-Munching Marine Monster: First Jurassic ichthyosaur found in India (PLOS Paleo)
  • Paleo Profile: The Older One from Melksham (Laelaps)
  • Meet the giant dinosaur that roamed southern Africa 200 million years ago (Earth Touch News)
  • Presenting the New Ankylosaurus (Laelaps)
  • Not so nasty: dinosaurs liked to snuggle up and socialise (Link)
  • Fossil Friday – printed mastodon molar (Valley of the Mastodon)
  • Endangered Mammals of the Caribbean (Synapsida)
  • Conozcan a Olympicetus avitus, un nuevo odontoceto basal de la Formación Pysht del estado de Washington (Caribbean Paleobiology)

Museums, Methods, and Musings:

Featured Folks and Fieldwork:

Art, books, culture, and fun:

Do you have some news, a blog, or something just plain cool you want to share with the PLOS Paleo Community? Email it to us at, tweet it to us at @PLOSPaleo, or message us on Facebook

Published by Sarah Z. Gibson

Dr. Sarah Z. Gibson is a paleontologist and science communicator based in Minnesota. Her research focuses on the evolutionary history of ray-finned fishes from the Early Mesozoic.

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